Preparing faculty to teach managing care competencies: lessons learned from a national faculty development program.Fam Med. 2004 Jan; 36 Suppl:S115-20.FM
Although competencies for managing care are often described in the medical literature, educators have been slow to integrate these competencies into clinical curricula. Backlash against managed care has created a skeptical educational environment. Many faculty feel unprepared to teach the competencies in clinical settings.
From 1999 to 2001, we designed, implemented, and evaluated a faculty development program, funded by the Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Medicine. The goal of the program was to increase Undergraduate Medical Education for the 21st Century (UME-21) and Partnerships for Quality Education (PQE) faculty skills in teaching quality improvement and costeffectiveness in the clinical setting and to prepare them to teach these topics to other faculty.
Thirty-nine faculty attended the 4-month faculty development program. The program, in a train-the-trainer model, consisted of two 2-day workshops as well as pre-, mid-, and end-program activities and teaching experiences. Readings, brief lectures followed by focused discussion, and active learning experiences were used to teach content, provide experience and feedback with teaching skills, and model a variety of teaching approaches.
By the end of the program, participants believed that they had learned content (knowledge) and gained practical teaching skills. To be successful in effecting curriculum change around new topics, such as the managing care competencies, faculty need to not only master new content and methods but also learn how to be change agents in their schools. Because this work can be lonely, faculty need support within the school and connections with others, locally and nationally, who have similar ideas.