Dietary oxidized cholesterol decreases expression of hepatic microsomal triglyceride transfer protein in rats.J Nutr Biochem. 2004 Feb; 15(2):103-11.JN
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of dietary oxidized cholesterol and pure cholesterol on plasma and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) lipids and on some parameters of VLDL assembly and secretion in rats fed two different dietary fats. Four groups of male growing Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing pure or oxidized cholesterol (5 g/kg diet) with either coconut oil or salmon oil as dietary fat (100 g/kg diet) for 35 days. Rats fed oxidized cholesterol supplemented diets had significantly lower concentrations of triglycerides and cholesterol in plasma and VLDL than rats fed pure cholesterol supplemented diets irrespective of the type of fat. In addition, rats fed oxidized cholesterol supplemented diets had significantly lower relative concentrations of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) than rats fed pure cholesterol supplemented diets. In contrast, hepatic lipid concentrations and the relative concentration of apolipoprotein B mRNA were not influenced by the dietary factors investigated. Parameters of hepatic lipogenesis (relative mRNA concentration of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c and activity of glucose-6-phosphat dehydrogenase) were significantly reduced by feeding fish oil compared to coconut oil, but were not affected by the type of cholesterol. In conclusion, the data of this study suggest, that dietary oxidized cholesterol affects VLDL assembly and/or secretion by reducing the synthesis of MTP but not by impairing hepatic lipogenesis or synthesis of apolipoprotein B.