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Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Mar; 58(3):510-22.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To measure children's consumption of, and liking for, fruit and vegetables and how these are altered by a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention.

DESIGN

In this initial evaluation of the programme, children's consumption of fruit and vegetables were compared within and across baseline and intervention phases.

SETTING

Three primary schools in England and Wales.

SUBJECTS

In total, 402 children, aged from 4 to 11 y.

INTERVENTION

Over 16 days, children watched six video adventures featuring heroic peers (the Food Dudes) who enjoy eating fruit and vegetables, and received small rewards for eating these foods themselves.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Fruit and vegetable consumption was measured (i) in school at lunchtime and snacktime using a five-point observation scale, with inter-rated reliability and weighed validation tests; and (ii) at home using parental recall. A questionnaire measured children's liking for fruit and vegetables before and after the intervention.

RESULTS

Consumption during the intervention was significantly higher than during baseline at lunchtime and at snacktime (P<0.001 in all instances). Consumption outside school was significantly higher during the intervention on weekdays (P<0.05) but not weekend days. Following the intervention, children's liking for fruit and vegetables also showed a significant increase (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

The peer modelling and rewards-based intervention was shown to be effective in bringing about substantial increases in children's consumption of, and expressed liking for, fruit and vegetables.

SPONSORSHIP

: Horticultural Development Council, Fresh Produce Consortium, ASDA, Co-operative Group, Safeway, Sainsbury, Somerfield, Tesco and Birds Eye Wall's.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, UK. c.f.lowe@bangor.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14985691

Citation

Lowe, C F., et al. "Effects of a Peer Modelling and Rewards-based Intervention to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 3, 2004, pp. 510-22.
Lowe CF, Horne PJ, Tapper K, et al. Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(3):510-22.
Lowe, C. F., Horne, P. J., Tapper, K., Bowdery, M., & Egerton, C. (2004). Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(3), 510-22.
Lowe CF, et al. Effects of a Peer Modelling and Rewards-based Intervention to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(3):510-22. PubMed PMID: 14985691.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. AU - Lowe,C F, AU - Horne,P J, AU - Tapper,K, AU - Bowdery,M, AU - Egerton,C, PY - 2004/2/27/pubmed PY - 2004/6/30/medline PY - 2004/2/27/entrez SP - 510 EP - 22 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To measure children's consumption of, and liking for, fruit and vegetables and how these are altered by a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention. DESIGN: In this initial evaluation of the programme, children's consumption of fruit and vegetables were compared within and across baseline and intervention phases. SETTING: Three primary schools in England and Wales. SUBJECTS: In total, 402 children, aged from 4 to 11 y. INTERVENTION: Over 16 days, children watched six video adventures featuring heroic peers (the Food Dudes) who enjoy eating fruit and vegetables, and received small rewards for eating these foods themselves. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fruit and vegetable consumption was measured (i) in school at lunchtime and snacktime using a five-point observation scale, with inter-rated reliability and weighed validation tests; and (ii) at home using parental recall. A questionnaire measured children's liking for fruit and vegetables before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Consumption during the intervention was significantly higher than during baseline at lunchtime and at snacktime (P<0.001 in all instances). Consumption outside school was significantly higher during the intervention on weekdays (P<0.05) but not weekend days. Following the intervention, children's liking for fruit and vegetables also showed a significant increase (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The peer modelling and rewards-based intervention was shown to be effective in bringing about substantial increases in children's consumption of, and expressed liking for, fruit and vegetables. SPONSORSHIP: : Horticultural Development Council, Fresh Produce Consortium, ASDA, Co-operative Group, Safeway, Sainsbury, Somerfield, Tesco and Birds Eye Wall's. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14985691/Effects_of_a_peer_modelling_and_rewards_based_intervention_to_increase_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_in_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601838 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -