Long-term follow-up of coronary artery bypass grafting in three-vessel disease using exclusively pedicled bilateral internal thoracic and right gastroepiploic arteries.Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Mar; 77(3):794-9; discussion 799.AT
Considerable data now exist that show that coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts produce better outcomes than the use of a single ITA graft. The benefit of a third arterial graft has been less well established. Therefore this article describes the survival and cardiac-related event-free survival in patients having bilateral ITA and gastroepiploic artery (GEA) grafting for 3-vessel disease.
From November 1992 to May 2002, 201 patients (mean age 53 +/- 7 years) presented with 3-vessel disease and received exclusively bilateral internal thoracic (ITAs) and right gastroepiploic (GEA) arteries as pedicled grafts for coronary artery bypass procedure. Twenty-seven (13%) patients were not elective, 10 (5%) were reoperations, 115 (57%) had one or more myocardial infarction, 21 (10%) had diabetes. In total 733 anastomoses were constructed (3.7/patient), with sequential grafting in 124 (62%) patients. The clinical follow-up was complete. The patients were followed for up to 10 years (mean 6.4 +/- 2.7 years).
Ten-year actuarial survival (including in-hospital death) was 87%. The actuarial freedom from angina pectoris, after hospital discharge, was 97% and 86% at 5 and 10 years respectively. None of the patients needed a repeat surgical revascularization after leaving the hospital, whereas 9 (5%) patients underwent a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. At 5 years 86% and at 10 years 69% of the patients remained free of any cardiac-related event.
The results of this study clearly indicate that the exclusive and extensive use of pedicled bilateral ITA and GEA in coronary bypass grafting provides excellent 10-year patient survival and functional improvement in terms of freedom from return of angina pectoris and, more impressive, freedom from any cardiac-related event. Our findings clearly corroborate the concomitant use of bilateral ITA and GEA grafts in selected patients with 3-vessel disease.