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Disagreement of energy and macronutrient intakes estimated from a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day diet record in girls 4 to 9 years of age.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Mar; 104(3):373-8.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Block98 food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) has been validated for dietary assessment of usual intakes in adults, but not in children.

OBJECTIVE

To assess the agreement of the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records for measuring dietary intakes in young girls.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Healthy 4- to 9-year-old girls (N=61; 6.5+/-1.6 years) were recruited from the Athens/Clarke county area in Georgia.

DESIGN

Dietary intakes were measured using the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records, with nutrient analysis of the 3-day diet records conducted using the Food Processor computer program (ESHA; version 7.21, 1998, ESHA Research, Salem, OR). The Block98 FFQ was completed by a trained interviewer and parent, with input from the child, if able. Food models and portion size pictures were used to increase reporting accuracy.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Paired sample t tests and simple regression were conducted to determine whether the two diet instruments reported similar values for energy and macronutrients.

RESULTS

Block98 FFQ overestimated intakes from 3-day diet records for energy (2,180+/-692 vs 1,749+/-328 kcal), protein (68.3+/-25.9 vs 57.9+/-14.8 g/day), carbohydrate (298.7+/-97.0 vs 244.7+/-46.1 g/day) and fat (83.6+/-30.5 vs 62.3+/-14.7 g/day) (P<.05). Furthermore, the nutrients assessed using the two different methods were only moderately correlated (range: r=0.40 to 0.55).

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS

The Block98 FFQ agreed weakly to moderately with the 3-day diet records, and resulted in consistently higher intakes of all nutrients. These findings suggest that additional work is needed to develop a FFQ that reflects young children's energy and macronutrient intakes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research and Development, Campbell Soup Company, Campbell Place, Box 48K, Camden, NJ 08103-1799, USA. alissa_wilson@campbellsoup.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14993859

Citation

Wilson, Alissa M R., and Richard D. Lewis. "Disagreement of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes Estimated From a Food Frequency Questionnaire and 3-day Diet Record in Girls 4 to 9 Years of Age." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 3, 2004, pp. 373-8.
Wilson AM, Lewis RD. Disagreement of energy and macronutrient intakes estimated from a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day diet record in girls 4 to 9 years of age. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(3):373-8.
Wilson, A. M., & Lewis, R. D. (2004). Disagreement of energy and macronutrient intakes estimated from a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day diet record in girls 4 to 9 years of age. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(3), 373-8.
Wilson AM, Lewis RD. Disagreement of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes Estimated From a Food Frequency Questionnaire and 3-day Diet Record in Girls 4 to 9 Years of Age. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(3):373-8. PubMed PMID: 14993859.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Disagreement of energy and macronutrient intakes estimated from a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day diet record in girls 4 to 9 years of age. AU - Wilson,Alissa M R, AU - Lewis,Richard D, PY - 2004/3/3/pubmed PY - 2004/4/14/medline PY - 2004/3/3/entrez SP - 373 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 104 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Block98 food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) has been validated for dietary assessment of usual intakes in adults, but not in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement of the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records for measuring dietary intakes in young girls. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Healthy 4- to 9-year-old girls (N=61; 6.5+/-1.6 years) were recruited from the Athens/Clarke county area in Georgia. DESIGN: Dietary intakes were measured using the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records, with nutrient analysis of the 3-day diet records conducted using the Food Processor computer program (ESHA; version 7.21, 1998, ESHA Research, Salem, OR). The Block98 FFQ was completed by a trained interviewer and parent, with input from the child, if able. Food models and portion size pictures were used to increase reporting accuracy. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Paired sample t tests and simple regression were conducted to determine whether the two diet instruments reported similar values for energy and macronutrients. RESULTS: Block98 FFQ overestimated intakes from 3-day diet records for energy (2,180+/-692 vs 1,749+/-328 kcal), protein (68.3+/-25.9 vs 57.9+/-14.8 g/day), carbohydrate (298.7+/-97.0 vs 244.7+/-46.1 g/day) and fat (83.6+/-30.5 vs 62.3+/-14.7 g/day) (P<.05). Furthermore, the nutrients assessed using the two different methods were only moderately correlated (range: r=0.40 to 0.55). APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: The Block98 FFQ agreed weakly to moderately with the 3-day diet records, and resulted in consistently higher intakes of all nutrients. These findings suggest that additional work is needed to develop a FFQ that reflects young children's energy and macronutrient intakes. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14993859/Disagreement_of_energy_and_macronutrient_intakes_estimated_from_a_food_frequency_questionnaire_and_3_day_diet_record_in_girls_4_to_9_years_of_age_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822303017929 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -