Antioxidant properties of bran extracts from Trego wheat grown at different locations.J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Mar 10; 52(5):1112-7.JA
The effects of growing conditions during the grain-filling period, including high temperature stress, total solar radiation, and average daily solar radiation, on the antioxidant properties of Trego wheat were evaluated. Bran extracts were prepared from Trego wheat, grown at four nonirrigated and one irrigated location in Colorado, and compared for their radical scavenging activities against ABTS*+ and DPPH*, Fe(2+) chelating capacities, and total phenolic contents. Significant differences in radical scavenging activities, chelating capacities, and total phenolic contents were detected among Trego bran samples grown at different locations, suggesting that growing conditions may influence the antioxidant properties of wheat. The bran sample obtained from Fort Collins had the strongest scavenging activity against either ABTS*+ or DPPH* radicals and the greatest chelating activity, whereas the highest total phenolic content was detected in bran samples from Walsh, indicating that each antioxidant activity may respond to the environmental changes differently. Positive correlations were detected between the DPPH* scavenging activity and either total solar radiation (r = 0.97, p = 0.03) or average daily solar radiation (r = 0.97, p = 0.03). In addition, HPLC analysis detected the presence of ferulic, syringic, vanillic, p-hydroxybenzoic, and coumaric acids in wheat bran. Additional research is needed to further investigate the effects of environmental conditions and the interactions between genotype and environmental factors on the antioxidant properties of wheat to promote the production of wheat with improved antioxidant properties by optimizing the growing conditions for a selected genotype.