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Self-reported injuries among seafarers. Questionnaire validity and results from an international study.
Accid Anal Prev. 2004 May; 36(3):405-13.AA

Abstract

International surveys of occupational injuries among seafarers have so far been missing. It was the aim to test the method of self-report of injuries and length of time at risk during the latest duty period and second to study the injury incidence rate among seafarers by use of the method. A pilot study was conducted (n = 1068) in Finland, Denmark, the Philippines, Croatia and Spain using self-completed questionnaires with questions about the person, the ship, the duration of latest duty period and injuries. The duration of the self-reporting duty period was in the Danish part compared with information from the crew register of the Maritime Authority. For seafarers from merchant ships in the Danish sub-study there was acceptable correspondence between the information from the seafarers and the Maritime Authority, but not when referring to ferries and non-specified types of ship. Unadjusted and adjusted injury incidence rates-ratios (IRRs) based on number of injuries per number of work hours were calculated. Adjusted IRRs for ordinary seamen/officers: IRR = 2.43 (95% CI: 1.25-4.72); for age < 35/35+ years: IRR = 1.97 (1.02-3.81); length of tour: 117 days or longer compared with < 117 days: IRR = 0.46 (95% CI: 0.22-0.95); 57-70 working hours per week compared with < 57 h: IRR = 1.26 (0.48-3.29), 71+h compared with < 57 h: IRR = 2.12 (0.84-5.36). Non-significant IRRs >1.00 were found for ships under 10,000 GT compared with larger ships and for own flagged ships compared with ships under flag of convenience. In conclusion, more than 70 h of work per week was related to a higher rate of injuries for seafarers on merchant ships, but the result was not statistically significant. Self-report of the duration of the latest tour of duty is useful for seafarers from merchant ships with short-term employments, but not for ferries and other, non-specified types of ship with other or permanent employment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Unit of Maritime Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9, DK-6700 Esbjerg, Denmark. ocj@fmm.sdu.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15003586

Citation

Jensen, Olaf C., et al. "Self-reported Injuries Among Seafarers. Questionnaire Validity and Results From an International Study." Accident; Analysis and Prevention, vol. 36, no. 3, 2004, pp. 405-13.
Jensen OC, Sørensen JF, Kaerlev L, et al. Self-reported injuries among seafarers. Questionnaire validity and results from an international study. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):405-13.
Jensen, O. C., Sørensen, J. F., Kaerlev, L., Canals, M. L., Nikolic, N., & Saarni, H. (2004). Self-reported injuries among seafarers. Questionnaire validity and results from an international study. Accident; Analysis and Prevention, 36(3), 405-13.
Jensen OC, et al. Self-reported Injuries Among Seafarers. Questionnaire Validity and Results From an International Study. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):405-13. PubMed PMID: 15003586.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-reported injuries among seafarers. Questionnaire validity and results from an international study. AU - Jensen,Olaf C, AU - Sørensen,Jens F L, AU - Kaerlev,Linda, AU - Canals,M Luisa, AU - Nikolic,Nebojsa, AU - Saarni,Heikki, PY - 2002/07/02/received PY - 2003/01/17/revised PY - 2003/02/20/accepted PY - 2004/3/9/pubmed PY - 2004/7/15/medline PY - 2004/3/9/entrez SP - 405 EP - 13 JF - Accident; analysis and prevention JO - Accid Anal Prev VL - 36 IS - 3 N2 - International surveys of occupational injuries among seafarers have so far been missing. It was the aim to test the method of self-report of injuries and length of time at risk during the latest duty period and second to study the injury incidence rate among seafarers by use of the method. A pilot study was conducted (n = 1068) in Finland, Denmark, the Philippines, Croatia and Spain using self-completed questionnaires with questions about the person, the ship, the duration of latest duty period and injuries. The duration of the self-reporting duty period was in the Danish part compared with information from the crew register of the Maritime Authority. For seafarers from merchant ships in the Danish sub-study there was acceptable correspondence between the information from the seafarers and the Maritime Authority, but not when referring to ferries and non-specified types of ship. Unadjusted and adjusted injury incidence rates-ratios (IRRs) based on number of injuries per number of work hours were calculated. Adjusted IRRs for ordinary seamen/officers: IRR = 2.43 (95% CI: 1.25-4.72); for age < 35/35+ years: IRR = 1.97 (1.02-3.81); length of tour: 117 days or longer compared with < 117 days: IRR = 0.46 (95% CI: 0.22-0.95); 57-70 working hours per week compared with < 57 h: IRR = 1.26 (0.48-3.29), 71+h compared with < 57 h: IRR = 2.12 (0.84-5.36). Non-significant IRRs >1.00 were found for ships under 10,000 GT compared with larger ships and for own flagged ships compared with ships under flag of convenience. In conclusion, more than 70 h of work per week was related to a higher rate of injuries for seafarers on merchant ships, but the result was not statistically significant. Self-report of the duration of the latest tour of duty is useful for seafarers from merchant ships with short-term employments, but not for ferries and other, non-specified types of ship with other or permanent employment. SN - 0001-4575 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15003586/Self_reported_injuries_among_seafarers__Questionnaire_validity_and_results_from_an_international_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001457503000344 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -