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Binge drinking and health-related quality of life: do popular perceptions match reality?
Am J Prev Med 2004; 26(3):230-3AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Popular culture (movies, television shows, advertising) often portrays drinking to the point of intoxication as either humorous or associated with enjoyable social activities that enhance quality of life. This study examined the association between binge drinking (consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among U.S. adults.

METHODS

Data are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a continuous random-digit-dial telephone survey of adults aged >/=18 years conducted in all states. This survey included questions about alcohol consumption and HRQOL.

RESULTS

In 2001, 52% of U.S. adults were current drinkers (one or more drinks in the past 30 days). Of current drinkers, 11% were frequent binge drinkers (three or more episodes in past month) and 14% were infrequent binge drinkers (one to two episodes in past month). After adjusting for confounding factors, frequent binge drinkers were more likely than non-binge drinkers to experience >/=14 unhealthy days (physical or mental) in the past month (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.24-1.56), primarily because they had more mentally unhealthy days than non-binge drinkers (AOR=1.52, 95% CI=1.32-1.75).

CONCLUSIONS

Frequent binge drinking is associated with significantly worse HRQOL and mental distress, including stress, depression, and emotional problems. Effective interventions to prevent binge drinking should be widely adopted and may help improve quality of life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. Cokoro@cdc.gov

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15026103

Citation

Okoro, Catherine A., et al. "Binge Drinking and Health-related Quality of Life: Do Popular Perceptions Match Reality?" American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 26, no. 3, 2004, pp. 230-3.
Okoro CA, Brewer RD, Naimi TS, et al. Binge drinking and health-related quality of life: do popular perceptions match reality? Am J Prev Med. 2004;26(3):230-3.
Okoro, C. A., Brewer, R. D., Naimi, T. S., Moriarty, D. G., Giles, W. H., & Mokdad, A. H. (2004). Binge drinking and health-related quality of life: do popular perceptions match reality? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 26(3), pp. 230-3.
Okoro CA, et al. Binge Drinking and Health-related Quality of Life: Do Popular Perceptions Match Reality. Am J Prev Med. 2004;26(3):230-3. PubMed PMID: 15026103.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Binge drinking and health-related quality of life: do popular perceptions match reality? AU - Okoro,Catherine A, AU - Brewer,Robert D, AU - Naimi,Timothy S, AU - Moriarty,David G, AU - Giles,Wayne H, AU - Mokdad,Ali H, PY - 2004/3/18/pubmed PY - 2004/6/30/medline PY - 2004/3/18/entrez SP - 230 EP - 3 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Popular culture (movies, television shows, advertising) often portrays drinking to the point of intoxication as either humorous or associated with enjoyable social activities that enhance quality of life. This study examined the association between binge drinking (consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among U.S. adults. METHODS: Data are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a continuous random-digit-dial telephone survey of adults aged >/=18 years conducted in all states. This survey included questions about alcohol consumption and HRQOL. RESULTS: In 2001, 52% of U.S. adults were current drinkers (one or more drinks in the past 30 days). Of current drinkers, 11% were frequent binge drinkers (three or more episodes in past month) and 14% were infrequent binge drinkers (one to two episodes in past month). After adjusting for confounding factors, frequent binge drinkers were more likely than non-binge drinkers to experience >/=14 unhealthy days (physical or mental) in the past month (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.24-1.56), primarily because they had more mentally unhealthy days than non-binge drinkers (AOR=1.52, 95% CI=1.32-1.75). CONCLUSIONS: Frequent binge drinking is associated with significantly worse HRQOL and mental distress, including stress, depression, and emotional problems. Effective interventions to prevent binge drinking should be widely adopted and may help improve quality of life. SN - 0749-3797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15026103/Binge_drinking_and_health_related_quality_of_life:_do_popular_perceptions_match_reality L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0749379703003325 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -