Gynaecologic cancer incidence, Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 1973-1997, and gynaecologic cancer mortality, Jamaica, 1999.West Indian Med J. 2003 Dec; 52(4):273-7.WI
The incidence of gynaecologic cancers in women from Kingston and St Andrew for the period 1973-1997 were reviewed by analyzing data previously published by the Jamaica Cancer Registry. Gynaecologic cancer-related mortality statistics for the entire island for 1999 were compiled from data obtained from the Registrar General's Department (RGD) and the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN). Data were compared to gynaecologic cancer statistics for women from the United States of America for 1973-1997. A total of 2862 gynaecologic cancers were registered for the years 1973-1997, which represents 26.8% of all female cancers from Kingston and St Andrew. Cervical cancer accounted for 62% of these gynaecologic cancers. The 268 cancer-related deaths (168 due to cervical cancer) registered in Jamaican women for 1999 represent approximately 15% of all female cancer-related deaths. The present incidence (27.9 per 100,000) and mortality rate (15.8 per 100,000) of cervical cancer are much higher than that documented for American women--both African Americans and Caucasians--and signify the limited success, to date, of efforts to decrease the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer by the implementation of cervical cancer screening programmes. For the time period reviewed, an increase was noted in the incidence of cancer of the corpus uteri while decreases were recorded for the incidence of choriocarcinoma, ovarian cancer and cancers arising from the vulva, vagina and fallopian tube.