Inorganic polyphosphate in mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae at phosphate limitation and phosphate excess.FEMS Yeast Res. 2004 Mar; 4(6):643-8.FY
Isolated mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells grown on glucose possess acid-soluble inorganic polyphosphate (polyP). Its level strongly depends on phosphate (P(i)) concentration in the culture medium. The polyP level in mitochondria showed 11-fold decrease under 0.8 mM P(i) as compared with 19.3 mM P(i). When spheroplasts isolated from P(i)-starved cells were incubated in the P(i)-complete medium, they accumulated polyP and exhibited a phosphate overplus effect. Under phosphate overplus the polyP level in mitochondria was two times higher than in the complete medium without preliminary P(i) starvation. The average chain length of polyP in mitochondria was of <15 phosphate residues at 19.3 mM P(i) in the culture medium and increased at phosphate overplus. Deoxyglucose inhibited polyP accumulation in spheroplasts, but had no effect on polyP accumulation in mitochondria. Uncouplers (FCCP, dinitrophenol) and ionophores (monensin, nigericin) inhibited polyP accumulation in mitochondria more efficiently than in spheroplasts. Fast hydrolysis of polyP was observed after sonication of isolated mitochondria. Probably, the accumulation of polyP in mitochondria depended on the proton-motive force of their membranes.