Detailed anatomy of the abdomen and pelvis of the visible human female.Clin Anat. 2004 Apr; 17(3):252-60.CA
We report on a virtual anatomical preparation of the abdomen and pelvis of the Visible Human Female (VHF) for laparoscopic surgery training. The detailed cross-sectional image data set from the U.S. National Library of Medicine was used as the basis to build an exemplary model of the female abdomen and pelvis. Segmentation software was developed to delineate organ outlines and more than 300 structures of interest, including organs, blood vessels, bones, muscles, and ligaments, have been segmented and three-dimensionally reconstructed. Analyzing the normal anatomy we found several variations and pathologies of the VHF, such as missing muscles (gemellus superior, psoas minor), additional veins as well as spondylophytes (vertebral column, pubic bone), and colon diverticula. The complete data set may be viewed on the home page of the project (http://www.vision.ee.ethz.ch/projects/Lasso/start.html).