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Effects of visual and auditory cues on gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease.
J Neurol Sci. 2004 Apr 15; 219(1-2):63-9.JN

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if combining visual and auditory cues has a greater effect on the gait pattern of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) than the cues applied individually. Twenty-four individuals with idiopathic PD were recruited. Patients, while off antiparkinsonian medications, were measured on a 7.62-m walkway during two trials for each of four conditions performed in random order: without cues, with a visual cue, with an auditory cue and with both cues simultaneously. The auditory cue consisted of a metronome beat 25% faster than the subject's fastest gait speed. Brightly colored parallel lines placed along the walkway at intervals equal to 40% of a subject's height served as the visual cue. Average gait speed, cadence and stride length were calculated for each condition. Gait velocity, cadence and stride length significantly improved (p<005) when cues were used. Visual and auditory cues improved gait performance in patients with PD, but they did so in different ways. Auditory cueing significantly improved cadence, but visual cueing improved stride length. The simultaneous use of auditory and visual cues did not improve gait significantly more than each cue alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15050439

Citation

Suteerawattananon, M, et al. "Effects of Visual and Auditory Cues On Gait in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease." Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 219, no. 1-2, 2004, pp. 63-9.
Suteerawattananon M, Morris GS, Etnyre BR, et al. Effects of visual and auditory cues on gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci. 2004;219(1-2):63-9.
Suteerawattananon, M., Morris, G. S., Etnyre, B. R., Jankovic, J., & Protas, E. J. (2004). Effects of visual and auditory cues on gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 219(1-2), 63-9.
Suteerawattananon M, et al. Effects of Visual and Auditory Cues On Gait in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease. J Neurol Sci. 2004 Apr 15;219(1-2):63-9. PubMed PMID: 15050439.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of visual and auditory cues on gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease. AU - Suteerawattananon,M, AU - Morris,G S, AU - Etnyre,B R, AU - Jankovic,J, AU - Protas,E J, PY - 2003/07/24/received PY - 2003/10/29/revised PY - 2003/12/09/accepted PY - 2004/3/31/pubmed PY - 2004/6/5/medline PY - 2004/3/31/entrez SP - 63 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the neurological sciences JO - J Neurol Sci VL - 219 IS - 1-2 N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine if combining visual and auditory cues has a greater effect on the gait pattern of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) than the cues applied individually. Twenty-four individuals with idiopathic PD were recruited. Patients, while off antiparkinsonian medications, were measured on a 7.62-m walkway during two trials for each of four conditions performed in random order: without cues, with a visual cue, with an auditory cue and with both cues simultaneously. The auditory cue consisted of a metronome beat 25% faster than the subject's fastest gait speed. Brightly colored parallel lines placed along the walkway at intervals equal to 40% of a subject's height served as the visual cue. Average gait speed, cadence and stride length were calculated for each condition. Gait velocity, cadence and stride length significantly improved (p<005) when cues were used. Visual and auditory cues improved gait performance in patients with PD, but they did so in different ways. Auditory cueing significantly improved cadence, but visual cueing improved stride length. The simultaneous use of auditory and visual cues did not improve gait significantly more than each cue alone. SN - 0022-510X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15050439/Effects_of_visual_and_auditory_cues_on_gait_in_individuals_with_Parkinson's_disease_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022510X03003812 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -