Ethanol fermentation of acid-hydrolyzed cellulosic pyrolysate with Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Bioresour Technol. 2004 Jun; 93(2):199-204.BT
Acid-hydrolysis of cellulosic pyrolysate to glucose and its fermentation to ethanol were investigated. The maximum glucose yield (17.4%) was obtained by the hydrolysis with 0.2 mol/l sulfuric acid using autoclaving at 121 degrees C for 20 min. The fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae of a hydrolysate medium containing 31.6 g/l glucose gave 14.2 g/l ethanol after 24 h, whereas the fermentation of the medium containing 31.6 g/l pure glucose gave 13.7 g/l ethanol after 18 h. The results showed that acid-hydrolyzed pyrolysate could be used for ethanol production. Different nitrogen sources were evaluated and the best ethanol concentration (15.1 g/l) was achieved by single urea. S. cerevisiae (R) was obtained by adaptation of S. cerevisiae to the hydrolysate medium for 12 times, and 40.2 g/l ethanol was produced by it in the fermentation with the hydrolysate medium containing 95.8 g/l glucose, which was about 47% increase in ethanol production compared to its parent strain.