Hepatic steatosis is not due to impaired fatty acid oxidation capacities in C57BL/6J mice fed the conjugated trans-10,cis-12-isomer of linoleic acid.J Nutr. 2004 Apr; 134(4):861-7.JN
Decreased body fat mass and liver steatosis have been reported in mice fed diets containing the conjugated linoleic acid trans-10,cis-12-C18:2 (CLA2), but not in those fed diets containing cis-9,trans-11-C18:2 (CLA1). Because the decrease in fatty acid (FA) oxidation may cause fat accumulation, we questioned whether the effects of both CLAs on enzyme activities and mRNA expression were related to liver FA oxidation. To address this question, 7-wk-old male C57BL/6J mice were fed for 4 wk a diet supplemented with 1% CLA1, CLA2, or cis-9-C18:1 (control) esterified as triacylglycerols. In CLA2-fed mice, the proportions of CLA2 in the total FA of liver lipids were substantially lower than those of CLA1 in mice fed CLA1. The mitochondrial protein content per total liver was about 56% greater in CLA2-fed mice than in CLA1-fed mice and controls. Mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I) and carnitine-dependent palmitate oxidation activities were also significantly greater in CLA2-fed mice than in the two other groups. The amounts of malonyl-CoA per gram of liver and the sensitivity of CPT I to malonyl-CoA inhibition were greater in both groups of CLA-fed mice than in the controls. L-CPT I mRNA expression doubled in CLA2-fed mice and was 3 and 2 times greater for M-CPT I in the CLA1 and CLA2 groups, respectively, compared with controls. Peroxisomal FA oxidation-related activities and acyl-CoA oxidase mRNA expression were increased in CLA1-fed mice, and to a larger extent in CLA2-fed mice, relative to controls. These data indicate that FA oxidation capacities were increased in mice fed CLA2, but were likely depressed in vivo through malonyl-CoA inhibition.