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Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression.
Adolescence 2003; 38(152):735-47A

Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence of bullying and victimization among students in grades 7 and 8. It also explored the relationship of bullying and victimization to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Three survey instruments were used to obtain data from a convenience sample of 454 public school students. Twenty-four percent reported bullying involvement. Chi-square tests indicated significantly more male than female bullying involvement, seventh graders reported more involvement than did eighth graders, and there were no statistically significant differences in involvement based on ethnicity. Both bullies and victims manifested higher levels of depression than did students who were neither bullies nor victims. There were no significant differences between groups in terms of self-esteem.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, Delta State University, Cleveland, Mississippi 38733, USA. Lseals@deltastate.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15053498

Citation

Seals, Dorothy, and Jerry Young. "Bullying and Victimization: Prevalence and Relationship to Gender, Grade Level, Ethnicity, Self-esteem, and Depression." Adolescence, vol. 38, no. 152, 2003, pp. 735-47.
Seals D, Young J. Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Adolescence. 2003;38(152):735-47.
Seals, D., & Young, J. (2003). Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Adolescence, 38(152), pp. 735-47.
Seals D, Young J. Bullying and Victimization: Prevalence and Relationship to Gender, Grade Level, Ethnicity, Self-esteem, and Depression. Adolescence. 2003;38(152):735-47. PubMed PMID: 15053498.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. AU - Seals,Dorothy, AU - Young,Jerry, PY - 2004/4/1/pubmed PY - 2004/6/21/medline PY - 2004/4/1/entrez SP - 735 EP - 47 JF - Adolescence JO - Adolescence VL - 38 IS - 152 N2 - This study investigated the prevalence of bullying and victimization among students in grades 7 and 8. It also explored the relationship of bullying and victimization to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Three survey instruments were used to obtain data from a convenience sample of 454 public school students. Twenty-four percent reported bullying involvement. Chi-square tests indicated significantly more male than female bullying involvement, seventh graders reported more involvement than did eighth graders, and there were no statistically significant differences in involvement based on ethnicity. Both bullies and victims manifested higher levels of depression than did students who were neither bullies nor victims. There were no significant differences between groups in terms of self-esteem. SN - 0001-8449 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15053498/Bullying_and_victimization:_prevalence_and_relationship_to_gender_grade_level_ethnicity_self_esteem_and_depression_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2199 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -