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Expression and localization of nuclear proteins in autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy with LMNA R377H mutation.
BMC Cell Biol. 2004 Mar 30; 5:12.BC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The autosomal dominant form of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the lamins A and C (LMNA). Lamins are intermediate filament proteins which form the nuclear lamina underlying the inner nuclear membrane. We have studied the expression and the localization of nuclear envelope proteins in three different cell types and muscle tissue of an AD-EDMD patient carrying a point mutation R377H in the lamin A/C gene.

RESULTS

Lymphoblastoid cells, skin fibroblasts, primary myoblasts and muscle thin sections were studied by immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy. Cellular levels of A-type lamins were reduced compared to control cells. In contrast, the amount of emerin and lamin B appeared unaltered. Cell synchronization experiments showed that the reduction of the cellular level of A-type lamin was due to instability of lamin A. By electron microscopy, we identified a proportion of nuclei with morphological alterations in lymphoblastoid cells, fibroblasts and mature muscle fibres. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that a major population of the lamin B receptor (LBR), an inner nuclear membrane protein, was recovered in the cytoplasm in association with the ER. In addition, the intranuclear organization of the active form of RNA polymerase II was markedly different in cells of this AD-EDMD patient. This aberrant intranuclear distribution was specifically observed in muscle cells where the pathology of EDMD predominates.

CONCLUSIONS

From our results we conclude: Firstly, that structural alterations of the nuclei which are found only in a minor fraction of lymphoblastoid cells and mature muscle fibres are not sufficient to explain the clinical pathology of EDMD; Secondly, that wild type lamin A is required not only for the retention of LBR in the inner nuclear membrane but also for a correct localization of the transcriptionally active RNA pol II in muscle cells. We speculate that a rearrangement of the internal chromatin could lead to muscle-specific disease symptoms by interference with proper mRNA transcription.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Würzburg, Germany. beatereichart@web.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15053843

Citation

Reichart, Beate, et al. "Expression and Localization of Nuclear Proteins in Autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy With LMNA R377H Mutation." BMC Cell Biology, vol. 5, 2004, p. 12.
Reichart B, Klafke R, Dreger C, et al. Expression and localization of nuclear proteins in autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy with LMNA R377H mutation. BMC Cell Biol. 2004;5:12.
Reichart, B., Klafke, R., Dreger, C., Krüger, E., Motsch, I., Ewald, A., Schäfer, J., Reichmann, H., Müller, C. R., & Dabauvalle, M. C. (2004). Expression and localization of nuclear proteins in autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy with LMNA R377H mutation. BMC Cell Biology, 5, 12.
Reichart B, et al. Expression and Localization of Nuclear Proteins in Autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy With LMNA R377H Mutation. BMC Cell Biol. 2004 Mar 30;5:12. PubMed PMID: 15053843.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Expression and localization of nuclear proteins in autosomal-dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy with LMNA R377H mutation. AU - Reichart,Beate, AU - Klafke,Ruth, AU - Dreger,Christine, AU - Krüger,Eleonora, AU - Motsch,Isabell, AU - Ewald,Andrea, AU - Schäfer,Jochen, AU - Reichmann,Heinz, AU - Müller,Clemens R, AU - Dabauvalle,Marie-Christine, Y1 - 2004/03/30/ PY - 2003/08/25/received PY - 2004/03/30/accepted PY - 2004/4/1/pubmed PY - 2004/7/10/medline PY - 2004/4/1/entrez SP - 12 EP - 12 JF - BMC cell biology JO - BMC Cell Biol VL - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The autosomal dominant form of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the lamins A and C (LMNA). Lamins are intermediate filament proteins which form the nuclear lamina underlying the inner nuclear membrane. We have studied the expression and the localization of nuclear envelope proteins in three different cell types and muscle tissue of an AD-EDMD patient carrying a point mutation R377H in the lamin A/C gene. RESULTS: Lymphoblastoid cells, skin fibroblasts, primary myoblasts and muscle thin sections were studied by immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy. Cellular levels of A-type lamins were reduced compared to control cells. In contrast, the amount of emerin and lamin B appeared unaltered. Cell synchronization experiments showed that the reduction of the cellular level of A-type lamin was due to instability of lamin A. By electron microscopy, we identified a proportion of nuclei with morphological alterations in lymphoblastoid cells, fibroblasts and mature muscle fibres. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that a major population of the lamin B receptor (LBR), an inner nuclear membrane protein, was recovered in the cytoplasm in association with the ER. In addition, the intranuclear organization of the active form of RNA polymerase II was markedly different in cells of this AD-EDMD patient. This aberrant intranuclear distribution was specifically observed in muscle cells where the pathology of EDMD predominates. CONCLUSIONS: From our results we conclude: Firstly, that structural alterations of the nuclei which are found only in a minor fraction of lymphoblastoid cells and mature muscle fibres are not sufficient to explain the clinical pathology of EDMD; Secondly, that wild type lamin A is required not only for the retention of LBR in the inner nuclear membrane but also for a correct localization of the transcriptionally active RNA pol II in muscle cells. We speculate that a rearrangement of the internal chromatin could lead to muscle-specific disease symptoms by interference with proper mRNA transcription. SN - 1471-2121 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15053843/Expression_and_localization_of_nuclear_proteins_in_autosomal_dominant_Emery_Dreifuss_muscular_dystrophy_with_LMNA_R377H_mutation_ L2 - https://bmccellbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2121-5-12 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -