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Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary guidance for healthy children ages 2 to 11 years.

Abstract

It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that children ages 2 to 11 years should achieve optimal physical and cognitive development, attain a healthy weight, enjoy food, and reduce the risk of chronic disease through appropriate eating habits and participation in regular physical activity. The health status of American children has generally improved over the past three decades. However, the number of children who are overweight has more than doubled among 2- to 5-year-old children and more than tripled among 6- to 11-year-old children, which has major health consequences. This increase in childhood overweight has broadened the focus of dietary guidance to address children's over consumption of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages and physical activity patterns. Health promotion will help reduce diet-related risks of chronic degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, obesity, and osteoporosis. This position paper reviews what US children are eating and explores trends in food and nutrient intakes as well as the impact of school meals on children's diets. Dietary recommendations and guidelines and the benefits of physical activity are also discussed. The roles of parents and caregivers in influencing the development of healthy eating behaviors are highlighted. The American Dietetic Association works with other allied health and food industry professionals to translate dietary recommendations and guidelines into achievable, healthful messages. Specific recommendations to improve the nutritional well-being of children are provided for dietetics professionals, parents, and caregivers.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Children's Nutritional Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Child
    Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Child, Preschool
    Choice Behavior
    Diet
    Dietetics
    Exercise
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Food Preferences
    Humans
    Male
    Nutrition Policy
    Organizational Policy
    Societies
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Guideline
    Journal Article
    Practice Guideline

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15054355

    Citation

    Nicklas, Thersea, et al. "Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary Guidance for Healthy Children Ages 2 to 11 Years." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 4, 2004, pp. 660-77.
    Nicklas T, Johnson R, American Dietetic Association. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary guidance for healthy children ages 2 to 11 years. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(4):660-77.
    Nicklas, T., & Johnson, R. (2004). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary guidance for healthy children ages 2 to 11 years. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(4), pp. 660-77.
    Nicklas T, Johnson R, American Dietetic Association. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary Guidance for Healthy Children Ages 2 to 11 Years. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(4):660-77. PubMed PMID: 15054355.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Position of the American Dietetic Association: Dietary guidance for healthy children ages 2 to 11 years. AU - Nicklas,Thersea, AU - Johnson,Rachel, AU - ,, PY - 2004/4/1/pubmed PY - 2004/5/27/medline PY - 2004/4/1/entrez SP - 660 EP - 77 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 104 IS - 4 N2 - It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that children ages 2 to 11 years should achieve optimal physical and cognitive development, attain a healthy weight, enjoy food, and reduce the risk of chronic disease through appropriate eating habits and participation in regular physical activity. The health status of American children has generally improved over the past three decades. However, the number of children who are overweight has more than doubled among 2- to 5-year-old children and more than tripled among 6- to 11-year-old children, which has major health consequences. This increase in childhood overweight has broadened the focus of dietary guidance to address children's over consumption of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages and physical activity patterns. Health promotion will help reduce diet-related risks of chronic degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, obesity, and osteoporosis. This position paper reviews what US children are eating and explores trends in food and nutrient intakes as well as the impact of school meals on children's diets. Dietary recommendations and guidelines and the benefits of physical activity are also discussed. The roles of parents and caregivers in influencing the development of healthy eating behaviors are highlighted. The American Dietetic Association works with other allied health and food industry professionals to translate dietary recommendations and guidelines into achievable, healthful messages. Specific recommendations to improve the nutritional well-being of children are provided for dietetics professionals, parents, and caregivers. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15054355/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822304001397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -