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Maternal--neonatal serum selenium and copper levels in Greeks and Albanians.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Sep; 58(9):1314-8.EJ

Abstract

AIM

To evaluate selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) concentrations in Greek and Albanian immigrant mothers and in the cord blood of their newborns.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

From 1118 Greek and 820 Albanian mothers and from the cord blood of their neonates blood was obtained for Se and Cu measurement. Se and Cu concentrations were determined in sera with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAAS) and atomic absorption spectrometry, respectively. In all, 30 days' nutrient intakes were evaluated in both groups.

RESULTS

Animal protein, Se and Cu intakes were poor in the Albanians vs the Greeks (P < 0.001). Se concentrations in the Greek mothers (68.3 +/- 8.5 microg/l) and in their newborns (37.02 +/- 8.9 microg/l) were found higher as compared with those in Albanian mothers (37.4 +/- 9.9 microg/l) and in their newborns (34.3 +/- 9.1 microg/l) (P < 0.001). Cu levels were also found higher (P < 0.001) in the Greek mothers (1687 +/- 353 microg/l) and in their neonates (449 +/- 87 microg/l) compared with those in the Albanian mothers (959 +/- 318 microg/l) and in their newborns (229 +/- 67 microg/l). Additionally, 31.5% of neonates born to Albanian women with Se concentrations less than 28 microg/l had higher Se levels (P < 0.01) than their mothers.

CONCLUSIONS

The low Se and Cu levels evaluated in the Albanian mothers and their newborns could be related to their poor animal protein intake which could be the consequence of their low socioeconomic status. As an effective preventive measure, accurate dietetic strategies to assess the requirements of pregnant immigrant women for trace elements may be planned in Greece.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Child Health, Athens, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15054408

Citation

Schulpis, K H., et al. "Maternal--neonatal Serum Selenium and Copper Levels in Greeks and Albanians." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 9, 2004, pp. 1314-8.
Schulpis KH, Karakonstantakis T, Gavrili S, et al. Maternal--neonatal serum selenium and copper levels in Greeks and Albanians. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(9):1314-8.
Schulpis, K. H., Karakonstantakis, T., Gavrili, S., Chronopoulou, G., Karikas, G. A., Vlachos, G., & Papassotiriou, I. (2004). Maternal--neonatal serum selenium and copper levels in Greeks and Albanians. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(9), 1314-8.
Schulpis KH, et al. Maternal--neonatal Serum Selenium and Copper Levels in Greeks and Albanians. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(9):1314-8. PubMed PMID: 15054408.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal--neonatal serum selenium and copper levels in Greeks and Albanians. AU - Schulpis,K H, AU - Karakonstantakis,T, AU - Gavrili,S, AU - Chronopoulou,G, AU - Karikas,G A, AU - Vlachos,G, AU - Papassotiriou,I, PY - 2004/4/1/pubmed PY - 2005/3/4/medline PY - 2004/4/1/entrez SP - 1314 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 58 IS - 9 N2 - AIM: To evaluate selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) concentrations in Greek and Albanian immigrant mothers and in the cord blood of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From 1118 Greek and 820 Albanian mothers and from the cord blood of their neonates blood was obtained for Se and Cu measurement. Se and Cu concentrations were determined in sera with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAAS) and atomic absorption spectrometry, respectively. In all, 30 days' nutrient intakes were evaluated in both groups. RESULTS: Animal protein, Se and Cu intakes were poor in the Albanians vs the Greeks (P < 0.001). Se concentrations in the Greek mothers (68.3 +/- 8.5 microg/l) and in their newborns (37.02 +/- 8.9 microg/l) were found higher as compared with those in Albanian mothers (37.4 +/- 9.9 microg/l) and in their newborns (34.3 +/- 9.1 microg/l) (P < 0.001). Cu levels were also found higher (P < 0.001) in the Greek mothers (1687 +/- 353 microg/l) and in their neonates (449 +/- 87 microg/l) compared with those in the Albanian mothers (959 +/- 318 microg/l) and in their newborns (229 +/- 67 microg/l). Additionally, 31.5% of neonates born to Albanian women with Se concentrations less than 28 microg/l had higher Se levels (P < 0.01) than their mothers. CONCLUSIONS: The low Se and Cu levels evaluated in the Albanian mothers and their newborns could be related to their poor animal protein intake which could be the consequence of their low socioeconomic status. As an effective preventive measure, accurate dietetic strategies to assess the requirements of pregnant immigrant women for trace elements may be planned in Greece. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15054408/Maternal__neonatal_serum_selenium_and_copper_levels_in_Greeks_and_Albanians_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601967 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -