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Energy and nutrient intake of young-old, old-old and very-old elderly in Germany.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2004; 58(8):1190-200EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Reliable information about the nutritional status of elderly people in Germany is lacking.

OBJECTIVE

To describe energy and nutrient intake of elderly people living in private households in Germany with special focus on age-related differences in the elderly.

DESIGN

Descriptive nationwide cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Germany, 1998.

SUBJECTS

: A random sample of 4020 elderly men and women living independently in private households stratified in three age groups (65-74, 75-84, 85+ y), of which 1550 participated and 1372 (789 female subjects) provided reliable 3-day estimated dietary records.

RESULTS

The median daily energy intake was 2207 kcal (9.2 MJ) in men and 1994 kcal (8.3 MJ) in women without difference between the age groups. Protein intake amounted to 91 and 81 g/day, respectively, corresponding to 1.2 g/kg body weight per day. The median intake was well above the recommended amount for all nutrients except dietary fibre, calcium, vitamin D and folate, where 38, 35, 75 and 37% did not reach two-thirds of the recommended amount. An age-related decline was observed for calcium intake in male and for dietary fibre, water, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamins A, E, C and thiamin intake in female participants; however, the overall picture was unaffected by these differences.

CONCLUSIONS

Dietary intake in these independently living elderly, including the very-old, is adequate for most of the evaluated nutrients. Increased intake of foods rich in dietary fibre, calcium, vitamin D and folate as well as regular sunlight exposure is recommended in order to optimize nutrient supply in this population group.

SPONSORSHIP

German Ministry of Health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition Science, University of Bonn, Germany. d.volkert@uni-bonn.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15054435

Citation

Volkert, D, et al. "Energy and Nutrient Intake of Young-old, Old-old and Very-old Elderly in Germany." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1190-200.
Volkert D, Kreuel K, Heseker H, et al. Energy and nutrient intake of young-old, old-old and very-old elderly in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(8):1190-200.
Volkert, D., Kreuel, K., Heseker, H., & Stehle, P. (2004). Energy and nutrient intake of young-old, old-old and very-old elderly in Germany. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(8), pp. 1190-200.
Volkert D, et al. Energy and Nutrient Intake of Young-old, Old-old and Very-old Elderly in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(8):1190-200. PubMed PMID: 15054435.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy and nutrient intake of young-old, old-old and very-old elderly in Germany. AU - Volkert,D, AU - Kreuel,K, AU - Heseker,H, AU - Stehle,P, PY - 2004/4/1/pubmed PY - 2004/11/2/medline PY - 2004/4/1/entrez SP - 1190 EP - 200 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 58 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Reliable information about the nutritional status of elderly people in Germany is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe energy and nutrient intake of elderly people living in private households in Germany with special focus on age-related differences in the elderly. DESIGN: Descriptive nationwide cross-sectional study. SETTING: Germany, 1998. SUBJECTS: : A random sample of 4020 elderly men and women living independently in private households stratified in three age groups (65-74, 75-84, 85+ y), of which 1550 participated and 1372 (789 female subjects) provided reliable 3-day estimated dietary records. RESULTS: The median daily energy intake was 2207 kcal (9.2 MJ) in men and 1994 kcal (8.3 MJ) in women without difference between the age groups. Protein intake amounted to 91 and 81 g/day, respectively, corresponding to 1.2 g/kg body weight per day. The median intake was well above the recommended amount for all nutrients except dietary fibre, calcium, vitamin D and folate, where 38, 35, 75 and 37% did not reach two-thirds of the recommended amount. An age-related decline was observed for calcium intake in male and for dietary fibre, water, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamins A, E, C and thiamin intake in female participants; however, the overall picture was unaffected by these differences. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intake in these independently living elderly, including the very-old, is adequate for most of the evaluated nutrients. Increased intake of foods rich in dietary fibre, calcium, vitamin D and folate as well as regular sunlight exposure is recommended in order to optimize nutrient supply in this population group. SPONSORSHIP: German Ministry of Health. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15054435/Energy_and_nutrient_intake_of_young_old_old_old_and_very_old_elderly_in_Germany_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601950 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -