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A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression.
Altern Ther Health Med 2004 Mar-Apr; 10(2):60-3AT

Abstract

CONTEXT

Yoga teachers and students often report that yoga has an uplifting effect on their moods, but scientific research on yoga and depression is limited.

OBJECTIVE

To examine the effects of a short-term Iyengar yoga course on mood in mildly depressed young adults.

DESIGN

Young adults pre-screened for mild levels of depression were randomly assigned to a yoga course or wait-list control group.

SETTING

College campus recreation center.

PARTICIPANTS

Twenty-eight volunteers ages 18 to 29. At intake, all participants were experiencing mild levels of depression, but had received no current psychiatric diagnoses or treatments. None had significant yoga experience.

INTERVENTION

Subjects in the yoga group attended two 1-hour Iyengar yoga classes each week for 5 consecutive weeks. The classes emphasized yoga postures thought to alleviate depression, particularly back bends, standing poses, and inversions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Profile of Mood States, morning cortisol levels.

RESULTS

Subjects who participated in the yoga course demonstrated significant decreases in self-reported symptoms of depression and trait anxiety. These effects emerged by the middle of the yoga course and were maintained by the end. Changes also were observed in acute mood, with subjects reporting decreased levels of negative mood and fatigue following yoga classes. Finally, there was a trend for higher morning cortisol levels in the yoga group by the end of the yoga course, compared to controls. These findings provide suggestive evidence of the utility of yoga asanas in improving mood and support the need for future studies with larger samples and more complex study designs to more fully evaluate the effects of yoga on mood disturbances.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California, Los Angeles, USA. awoolery@ucla.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15055096

Citation

Woolery, Alison, et al. "A Yoga Intervention for Young Adults With Elevated Symptoms of Depression." Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, vol. 10, no. 2, 2004, pp. 60-3.
Woolery A, Myers H, Sternlieb B, et al. A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression. Altern Ther Health Med. 2004;10(2):60-3.
Woolery, A., Myers, H., Sternlieb, B., & Zeltzer, L. (2004). A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 10(2), pp. 60-3.
Woolery A, et al. A Yoga Intervention for Young Adults With Elevated Symptoms of Depression. Altern Ther Health Med. 2004;10(2):60-3. PubMed PMID: 15055096.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression. AU - Woolery,Alison, AU - Myers,Hector, AU - Sternlieb,Beth, AU - Zeltzer,Lonnie, PY - 2004/4/2/pubmed PY - 2004/5/1/medline PY - 2004/4/2/entrez SP - 60 EP - 3 JF - Alternative therapies in health and medicine JO - Altern Ther Health Med VL - 10 IS - 2 N2 - CONTEXT: Yoga teachers and students often report that yoga has an uplifting effect on their moods, but scientific research on yoga and depression is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a short-term Iyengar yoga course on mood in mildly depressed young adults. DESIGN: Young adults pre-screened for mild levels of depression were randomly assigned to a yoga course or wait-list control group. SETTING: College campus recreation center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight volunteers ages 18 to 29. At intake, all participants were experiencing mild levels of depression, but had received no current psychiatric diagnoses or treatments. None had significant yoga experience. INTERVENTION: Subjects in the yoga group attended two 1-hour Iyengar yoga classes each week for 5 consecutive weeks. The classes emphasized yoga postures thought to alleviate depression, particularly back bends, standing poses, and inversions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Profile of Mood States, morning cortisol levels. RESULTS: Subjects who participated in the yoga course demonstrated significant decreases in self-reported symptoms of depression and trait anxiety. These effects emerged by the middle of the yoga course and were maintained by the end. Changes also were observed in acute mood, with subjects reporting decreased levels of negative mood and fatigue following yoga classes. Finally, there was a trend for higher morning cortisol levels in the yoga group by the end of the yoga course, compared to controls. These findings provide suggestive evidence of the utility of yoga asanas in improving mood and support the need for future studies with larger samples and more complex study designs to more fully evaluate the effects of yoga on mood disturbances. SN - 1078-6791 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15055096/A_yoga_intervention_for_young_adults_with_elevated_symptoms_of_depression_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2199 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -