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The relation of tobacco smoking to tooth loss among young adults.
Eur J Oral Sci. 2004 Apr; 112(2):121-6.EJ

Abstract

Earlier studies have associated smoking with a higher rate of dental caries, periodontal disease and tooth loss. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether smoking is associated with tooth loss among young adults. The data consist of the 1966 birth cohort of Northern Finland, which is an unselected general population birth cohort (n = 12 058). The data were collected using a postal questionnaire in 1997-98 (n = 8690). Prevalence odds ratios and confidence intervals were estimated by applying a logistic regression model. It was found that smoking was associated with tooth loss in an exposure-dependent manner. The odds for those who smoked 16 or more pack-years were 5.30 (CI = 2.35-11.2) after adjustment for socio-economic and behavioral factors. Differences in socio-economic or health behavior are not likely to explain the findings since an exposure-response pattern was seen even when data was stratified according to sex, education and health-oriented lifestyle. A possible explanation for this association is a combination of treatment decisions and dental diseases, which are most likely associated with smoking in an exposure-dependent manner.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. pekka.ylostalo@oulu.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15056108

Citation

Ylöstalo, Pekka, et al. "The Relation of Tobacco Smoking to Tooth Loss Among Young Adults." European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 112, no. 2, 2004, pp. 121-6.
Ylöstalo P, Sakki T, Laitinen J, et al. The relation of tobacco smoking to tooth loss among young adults. Eur J Oral Sci. 2004;112(2):121-6.
Ylöstalo, P., Sakki, T., Laitinen, J., Järvelin, M. R., & Knuuttila, M. (2004). The relation of tobacco smoking to tooth loss among young adults. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 112(2), 121-6.
Ylöstalo P, et al. The Relation of Tobacco Smoking to Tooth Loss Among Young Adults. Eur J Oral Sci. 2004;112(2):121-6. PubMed PMID: 15056108.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relation of tobacco smoking to tooth loss among young adults. AU - Ylöstalo,Pekka, AU - Sakki,Tero, AU - Laitinen,Jaana, AU - Järvelin,Marjo-Riitta, AU - Knuuttila,Matti, PY - 2004/4/2/pubmed PY - 2004/5/20/medline PY - 2004/4/2/entrez SP - 121 EP - 6 JF - European journal of oral sciences JO - Eur J Oral Sci VL - 112 IS - 2 N2 - Earlier studies have associated smoking with a higher rate of dental caries, periodontal disease and tooth loss. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether smoking is associated with tooth loss among young adults. The data consist of the 1966 birth cohort of Northern Finland, which is an unselected general population birth cohort (n = 12 058). The data were collected using a postal questionnaire in 1997-98 (n = 8690). Prevalence odds ratios and confidence intervals were estimated by applying a logistic regression model. It was found that smoking was associated with tooth loss in an exposure-dependent manner. The odds for those who smoked 16 or more pack-years were 5.30 (CI = 2.35-11.2) after adjustment for socio-economic and behavioral factors. Differences in socio-economic or health behavior are not likely to explain the findings since an exposure-response pattern was seen even when data was stratified according to sex, education and health-oriented lifestyle. A possible explanation for this association is a combination of treatment decisions and dental diseases, which are most likely associated with smoking in an exposure-dependent manner. SN - 0909-8836 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15056108/The_relation_of_tobacco_smoking_to_tooth_loss_among_young_adults_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0909-8836&date=2004&volume=112&issue=2&spage=121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -