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Grouping of sequential sounds--an event-related potential study comparing musicians and nonmusicians.
J Cogn Neurosci. 2004 Mar; 16(2):331-8.JC

Abstract

It is believed that auditory processes governing grouping and segmentation of sounds are automatic and represent universal aspects of music perception (e.g., they are independent of the listener's musical skill). The present study challenges this view by showing that musicians and nonmusicians differ in their ability to preattentively group consecutive sounds. We measured event-related potentials (ERPs) from professional musicians and nonmusicians who were presented with isochronous tone sequences that they ignored. Four consecutive tones in a sequence could be grouped according to either pitch similarity or good continuation of pitch. Occasionally, the tone-group length was violated by a deviant tone. The mismatch negativity (MMN) was elicited to the deviants in both subject groups when the sounds could be grouped based on pitch similarity. In contrast, MMN was only elicited in musicians when the sounds could be grouped according to good continuation of pitch. These results suggest that some forms of auditory grouping depend on musical skill and that not all aspects of auditory grouping are universal.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland. titia@cbru.helsinki.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15068601

Citation

van Zuijen, Titia L., et al. "Grouping of Sequential Sounds--an Event-related Potential Study Comparing Musicians and Nonmusicians." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 16, no. 2, 2004, pp. 331-8.
van Zuijen TL, Sussman E, Winkler I, et al. Grouping of sequential sounds--an event-related potential study comparing musicians and nonmusicians. J Cogn Neurosci. 2004;16(2):331-8.
van Zuijen, T. L., Sussman, E., Winkler, I., Näätänen, R., & Tervaniemi, M. (2004). Grouping of sequential sounds--an event-related potential study comparing musicians and nonmusicians. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(2), 331-8.
van Zuijen TL, et al. Grouping of Sequential Sounds--an Event-related Potential Study Comparing Musicians and Nonmusicians. J Cogn Neurosci. 2004;16(2):331-8. PubMed PMID: 15068601.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Grouping of sequential sounds--an event-related potential study comparing musicians and nonmusicians. AU - van Zuijen,Titia L, AU - Sussman,Elyse, AU - Winkler,István, AU - Näätänen,Risto, AU - Tervaniemi,Mari, PY - 2004/4/8/pubmed PY - 2004/5/8/medline PY - 2004/4/8/entrez SP - 331 EP - 8 JF - Journal of cognitive neuroscience JO - J Cogn Neurosci VL - 16 IS - 2 N2 - It is believed that auditory processes governing grouping and segmentation of sounds are automatic and represent universal aspects of music perception (e.g., they are independent of the listener's musical skill). The present study challenges this view by showing that musicians and nonmusicians differ in their ability to preattentively group consecutive sounds. We measured event-related potentials (ERPs) from professional musicians and nonmusicians who were presented with isochronous tone sequences that they ignored. Four consecutive tones in a sequence could be grouped according to either pitch similarity or good continuation of pitch. Occasionally, the tone-group length was violated by a deviant tone. The mismatch negativity (MMN) was elicited to the deviants in both subject groups when the sounds could be grouped based on pitch similarity. In contrast, MMN was only elicited in musicians when the sounds could be grouped according to good continuation of pitch. These results suggest that some forms of auditory grouping depend on musical skill and that not all aspects of auditory grouping are universal. SN - 0898-929X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15068601/Grouping_of_sequential_sounds__an_event_related_potential_study_comparing_musicians_and_nonmusicians_ L2 - https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/10.1162/089892904322984607?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -