Use of laparoscopic-assisted cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats.J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Mar 15; 224(6):875-8, 865.JA
A laparoscopic-assisted technique for localization and removal of retained testes was performed on 13 client-owned dogs and cats. Operative time and intraoperative complications were recorded. One month after surgery, follow-up examinations were performed on all animals and owners were asked to complete questionnaires concerning signs of illness and complications observed after surgery and their overall satisfaction with the procedure. The laparoscopic-assisted technique was effective in identifying and removing retained testes. Owners were satisfied with the procedure. Laparoscopic-assisted crytorchidectomy can be used to minimize the invasiveness of the procedure while maintaining the safety associated with good visibility of abdominal structures.