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A novel and potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), attenuates neuronal damage in in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Aug; 310(2):425-36.JP

Abstract

The activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) after exposure to nitric oxide or oxygen-free radicals can lead to cell injury via severe, irreversible depletion of NAD. Genetic deletion or pharmacological inhibition of PARP-1 attenuates brain injury after focal ischemia and neurotoxicity in several neurodegenerative models in animals. FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone) is a novel PARP-1 inhibitor that has recently been identified through structure-based drug design. In an enzyme kinetic analysis, FR247304 exhibits potent and competitive inhibition of PARP-1 activity, with a K(i) value of 35 nM. Here, we show that prevention of PARP activation by FR247304 treatment protects against both reactive oxygen species-induced PC12 cell injury in vitro and ischemic brain injury in vivo. In cell death model, treatment with FR247304 (10(-8)-10(-5) M) significantly reduced NAD depletion by PARP-1 inhibition and attenuated cell death after hydrogen peroxide (100 microM) exposure. After 90 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats, poly(ADP-ribosy)lation and NAD depletion were markedly increased in the cortex and striatum from 1 h after reperfusion. The increased poly(ADP-ribose) immunoreactivity and NAD depletion were attenuated by FR247304 (32 mg/kg i.p.) treatment, and FR247304 significantly decreased ischemic brain damage measured at 24 h after reperfusion. Whereas other PARP inhibitors such as 3-aminobenzamide and PJ34 [N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-phenanthridin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylactamide] showed similar neuroprotective actions, they were less potent in in vitro assays and less efficacious in an in vivo model compared with FR247304. These results indicate that the novel PARP-1 inhibitor FR247304 exerts its neuroprotective efficacy in in vitro and in vivo experimental models of cerebral ischemia via potent PARP-1 inhibition and also suggest that FR247304 or its derivatives could be attractive therapeutic candidates for stroke and neurodegenerative disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuroscience, Medicinal Biology Research Laboratories, Fujisawa Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 2-1-6 Kashima, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532-8514, Japan. aki_iwashita@po.fujisawa.co.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15075382

Citation

Iwashita, Akinori, et al. "A Novel and Potent poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 Inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), Attenuates Neuronal Damage in in Vitro and in Vivo Models of Cerebral Ischemia." The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 310, no. 2, 2004, pp. 425-36.
Iwashita A, Tojo N, Matsuura S, et al. A novel and potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), attenuates neuronal damage in in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004;310(2):425-36.
Iwashita, A., Tojo, N., Matsuura, S., Yamazaki, S., Kamijo, K., Ishida, J., Yamamoto, H., Hattori, K., Matsuoka, N., & Mutoh, S. (2004). A novel and potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), attenuates neuronal damage in in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 310(2), 425-36.
Iwashita A, et al. A Novel and Potent poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 Inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), Attenuates Neuronal Damage in in Vitro and in Vivo Models of Cerebral Ischemia. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004;310(2):425-36. PubMed PMID: 15075382.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A novel and potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 inhibitor, FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone), attenuates neuronal damage in in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia. AU - Iwashita,Akinori, AU - Tojo,Nobuteru, AU - Matsuura,Shigeru, AU - Yamazaki,Syunji, AU - Kamijo,Kazunori, AU - Ishida,Junya, AU - Yamamoto,Hirofumi, AU - Hattori,Kouji, AU - Matsuoka,Nobuya, AU - Mutoh,Seitaro, Y1 - 2004/04/09/ PY - 2004/4/13/pubmed PY - 2005/3/29/medline PY - 2004/4/13/entrez SP - 425 EP - 36 JF - The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics JO - J Pharmacol Exp Ther VL - 310 IS - 2 N2 - The activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) after exposure to nitric oxide or oxygen-free radicals can lead to cell injury via severe, irreversible depletion of NAD. Genetic deletion or pharmacological inhibition of PARP-1 attenuates brain injury after focal ischemia and neurotoxicity in several neurodegenerative models in animals. FR247304 (5-chloro-2-[3-(4-phenyl-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinyl)propyl]-4(3H)-quinazolinone) is a novel PARP-1 inhibitor that has recently been identified through structure-based drug design. In an enzyme kinetic analysis, FR247304 exhibits potent and competitive inhibition of PARP-1 activity, with a K(i) value of 35 nM. Here, we show that prevention of PARP activation by FR247304 treatment protects against both reactive oxygen species-induced PC12 cell injury in vitro and ischemic brain injury in vivo. In cell death model, treatment with FR247304 (10(-8)-10(-5) M) significantly reduced NAD depletion by PARP-1 inhibition and attenuated cell death after hydrogen peroxide (100 microM) exposure. After 90 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats, poly(ADP-ribosy)lation and NAD depletion were markedly increased in the cortex and striatum from 1 h after reperfusion. The increased poly(ADP-ribose) immunoreactivity and NAD depletion were attenuated by FR247304 (32 mg/kg i.p.) treatment, and FR247304 significantly decreased ischemic brain damage measured at 24 h after reperfusion. Whereas other PARP inhibitors such as 3-aminobenzamide and PJ34 [N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-phenanthridin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylactamide] showed similar neuroprotective actions, they were less potent in in vitro assays and less efficacious in an in vivo model compared with FR247304. These results indicate that the novel PARP-1 inhibitor FR247304 exerts its neuroprotective efficacy in in vitro and in vivo experimental models of cerebral ischemia via potent PARP-1 inhibition and also suggest that FR247304 or its derivatives could be attractive therapeutic candidates for stroke and neurodegenerative disease. SN - 0022-3565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15075382/A_novel_and_potent_poly_ADP_ribose__polymerase_1_inhibitor_FR247304__5_chloro_2_[3__4_phenyl_36_dihydro_1_2H__pyridinyl_propyl]_4_3H__quinazolinone__attenuates_neuronal_damage_in_in_vitro_and_in_vivo_models_of_cerebral_ischemia_ L2 - https://jpet.aspetjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15075382 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -