Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults.
Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Apr; 33(2):328-36.IJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The importance of managing the metabolic syndrome has been emphasized in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Although South Koreans have a low prevalence of obesity, little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associated risk factors.

METHODS

Data was obtained from individuals aged 20-79 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998, a cross-sectional health survey of a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized civilian South Koreans. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, as defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP ATP III), was determined, and lifestyle factors associated with predisposition to the metabolic syndrome were analysed.

RESULTS

Among South Korean adults, the age-adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 14.2% for men and 17.7% for women, whereas the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) >or=30 kg/m(2)) was 1.7% and 3.0% for men and women, respectively. Age, unemployment, higher BMI, and current smoking were associated factors for the metabolic syndrome regardless of gender. Moderate exercise (2-3 sessions/week) in men and light alcohol drinking (<15 g/day) in women decreased the odds of the metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS

Metabolic syndrome is present in more than 15% of South Koreans despite a low prevalence of obesity. Higher BMI and current smoking were identified as independent modifiable risk factors of the metabolic syndrome. Weight control and smoking cessation may therefore decrease the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in South Korean adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hyesoon@amc.seoul.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15082635

Citation

Park, Hye Soon, et al. "The Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Lifestyle Factors Among South Korean Adults." International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 33, no. 2, 2004, pp. 328-36.
Park HS, Oh SW, Cho SI, et al. The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults. Int J Epidemiol. 2004;33(2):328-36.
Park, H. S., Oh, S. W., Cho, S. I., Choi, W. H., & Kim, Y. S. (2004). The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33(2), 328-36.
Park HS, et al. The Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Lifestyle Factors Among South Korean Adults. Int J Epidemiol. 2004;33(2):328-36. PubMed PMID: 15082635.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults. AU - Park,Hye Soon, AU - Oh,Sang Woo, AU - Cho,Sung-Il, AU - Choi,Woong Hwan, AU - Kim,Young Soel, PY - 2004/4/15/pubmed PY - 2004/8/21/medline PY - 2004/4/15/entrez SP - 328 EP - 36 JF - International journal of epidemiology JO - Int J Epidemiol VL - 33 IS - 2 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The importance of managing the metabolic syndrome has been emphasized in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Although South Koreans have a low prevalence of obesity, little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associated risk factors. METHODS: Data was obtained from individuals aged 20-79 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998, a cross-sectional health survey of a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized civilian South Koreans. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, as defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP ATP III), was determined, and lifestyle factors associated with predisposition to the metabolic syndrome were analysed. RESULTS: Among South Korean adults, the age-adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 14.2% for men and 17.7% for women, whereas the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) >or=30 kg/m(2)) was 1.7% and 3.0% for men and women, respectively. Age, unemployment, higher BMI, and current smoking were associated factors for the metabolic syndrome regardless of gender. Moderate exercise (2-3 sessions/week) in men and light alcohol drinking (<15 g/day) in women decreased the odds of the metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome is present in more than 15% of South Koreans despite a low prevalence of obesity. Higher BMI and current smoking were identified as independent modifiable risk factors of the metabolic syndrome. Weight control and smoking cessation may therefore decrease the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in South Korean adults. SN - 0300-5771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15082635/The_metabolic_syndrome_and_associated_lifestyle_factors_among_South_Korean_adults_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ije/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ije/dyh032 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -