Antral vascular ectasia: the watermelon stomach.N Z Med J. 1992 Aug 26; 105(940):338-9.NZ
Antral vascular ectasia (watermelon stomach) is an uncommon localised vascular abnormality which may cause occult gastrointestinal blood loss and iron deficiency anaemia. The endoscopic appearances are characteristic with well demarcated, often raised or nodular bright red streaks radiating from the pylorus back along the antrum. Endoscopic biopsies can be taken without risk of haemorrhage and may help distinguish this condition from gastritis. The aetiology remains obscure, but there is an association with achlorhydria, hypergastrinaemia, and cirrhosis of the liver. Four patients are described; two had antrectomy with long term control of their anaemia, and two were treated conservatively. The lesion may be diagnosed more frequently with more widespread recognition of the condition.