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A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28(7):933-5IJ

Abstract

During the past 15-20 y, the incidence of overweight and obesity in the United States has grown rapidly. The processes that underlie this alarming trend remain largely unspecified. We hypothesize that degradation of the ability to use certain orosensory cues to predict the caloric consequences of intake may contribute to overeating and excessive weight gain. The results of two preliminary studies with rats are consistent with this hypothesis. In one study, the ability of rat pups to regulate their caloric intake after consuming a novel high-calorie, sweet food was disrupted if they had received prior training with sweet tastes that failed to predict the caloric consequences of eating. Another study found that altering the normal predictive relationship between food viscosity and calories led to increased body weight in adult rats. Dietary factors that degrade the relationship between sweet tastes, food viscosity and calories may contribute to overeating and weight gain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences, Ingestive Behavior Research Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA. davidson@psych.purdue.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15111986

Citation

Davidson, T L., and S E. Swithers. "A Pavlovian Approach to the Problem of Obesity." International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 28, no. 7, 2004, pp. 933-5.
Davidson TL, Swithers SE. A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(7):933-5.
Davidson, T. L., & Swithers, S. E. (2004). A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 28(7), pp. 933-5.
Davidson TL, Swithers SE. A Pavlovian Approach to the Problem of Obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(7):933-5. PubMed PMID: 15111986.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity. AU - Davidson,T L, AU - Swithers,S E, PY - 2004/4/28/pubmed PY - 2004/10/16/medline PY - 2004/4/28/entrez SP - 933 EP - 5 JF - International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. VL - 28 IS - 7 N2 - During the past 15-20 y, the incidence of overweight and obesity in the United States has grown rapidly. The processes that underlie this alarming trend remain largely unspecified. We hypothesize that degradation of the ability to use certain orosensory cues to predict the caloric consequences of intake may contribute to overeating and excessive weight gain. The results of two preliminary studies with rats are consistent with this hypothesis. In one study, the ability of rat pups to regulate their caloric intake after consuming a novel high-calorie, sweet food was disrupted if they had received prior training with sweet tastes that failed to predict the caloric consequences of eating. Another study found that altering the normal predictive relationship between food viscosity and calories led to increased body weight in adult rats. Dietary factors that degrade the relationship between sweet tastes, food viscosity and calories may contribute to overeating and weight gain. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15111986/A_Pavlovian_approach_to_the_problem_of_obesity_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=15111986.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -