Influence of processing parameters on acrylamide formation during frying of potatoes.J Agric Food Chem. 2004 May 05; 52(9):2735-9.JA
Consistent evidence suggests that the probable human carcinogen acrylamide is formed in starch-rich foodstuffs through heat-induced interaction of asparagine and reducing sugars during Maillard browning. However, information regarding the influence of processing parameters on acrylamide formation is scarce. We investigated the impact of temperature, heating time, browning level, and surface-to-volume ratio (SVR) on acrylamide generation in fried potatoes. Acrylamide content was determined by liquid chromatography (LC) and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). In potato shapes with low SVR, acrylamide content consistently increased with increasing temperature and processing times. By contrast, in shapes with intermediate to high SVR, maximal acrylamide formation occurred at 160-180 degrees C, while higher temperatures or prolonged processing times caused a decrease of acrylamide levels. Moreover, browning levels were not a reliable measure of acrylamide content in large-surface products.