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Electrochemical performance of diamond thin-film electrodes from different commercial sources.
Anal Chem. 2004 May 01; 76(9):2553-60.AC

Abstract

The electrochemical properties of two commercial (Condias, Sumitomo) boron-doped diamond thin-film electrodes were compared with those of two types of boron-doped diamond thin film deposited in our laboratory (microcrystalline, nanocrystalline). Scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the electrode morphology and microstructure, respectively. Cyclic voltammetry was used to study the electrochemical response, with five different redox systems serving as probes (Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-), Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/)(2+), IrCl(6)(2)(-)(/3)(-), 4-methylcatechol, Fe(3+/2+)). The response for the different systems was quite reproducibile from electrode type to type and from film to film for electrodes of the same type. For all five redox systems, the forward reaction peak current varied linearly with the scan rate(1/2) (nu), indicative of electrode reaction kinetics controlled by mass transport (semi-infinite linear diffusion) of the reactant. Apparent heterogeneous electron-transfer rate constants, k degrees (app), for all five redox systems were determined from deltaE(p)-nu experimental data, according to the method described by Nicholson (Nicholson, R. S. Anal. Chem. 1965, 37, 1351.). The rate constants were also verified through digital simulation (DigiSim 3.03) of the voltammetric i-E curves at different scan rates. Good fits between the experimental and simulated voltammograms were found for scan rates up to 50 V/s. k degrees (app) values of 0.05-0.5 cm/s were observed for Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-), Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/2+), and IrCl(6)(2)(-)(/3)(-) without any extensive electrode pretreatment (e.g., polishing). Lower k degrees (app) values of 10(-)(4)-10(-)(6) cm/s were found for 4-methylcatechol and Fe(3+/2+). The voltammetric responses for Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-) and Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/2+) were also examined at all four electrode types at two different solution pH (1.90, 7.35). Since the hydrogen-terminated diamond surfaces contain few, if any, ionizable carbon-oxygen functionalities (e.g., carboxylic acid, pK(a) approximately 4.5), the deltaE(p), i(p)(ox), and i(p)(red) values for the two systems were, for the most part, unaffected by the solution pH. This is in contrast to the typical behavior of oxygenated, sp(2) carbon electrodes, such as glassy carbon.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemistry and Fraunhofer Center for Coatings and Laser Applications, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15117197

Citation

Fischer, Anne E., et al. "Electrochemical Performance of Diamond Thin-film Electrodes From Different Commercial Sources." Analytical Chemistry, vol. 76, no. 9, 2004, pp. 2553-60.
Fischer AE, Show Y, Swain GM. Electrochemical performance of diamond thin-film electrodes from different commercial sources. Anal Chem. 2004;76(9):2553-60.
Fischer, A. E., Show, Y., & Swain, G. M. (2004). Electrochemical performance of diamond thin-film electrodes from different commercial sources. Analytical Chemistry, 76(9), 2553-60.
Fischer AE, Show Y, Swain GM. Electrochemical Performance of Diamond Thin-film Electrodes From Different Commercial Sources. Anal Chem. 2004 May 1;76(9):2553-60. PubMed PMID: 15117197.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Electrochemical performance of diamond thin-film electrodes from different commercial sources. AU - Fischer,Anne E, AU - Show,Yoshiyuki, AU - Swain,Greg M, PY - 2004/5/1/pubmed PY - 2005/2/16/medline PY - 2004/5/1/entrez SP - 2553 EP - 60 JF - Analytical chemistry JO - Anal Chem VL - 76 IS - 9 N2 - The electrochemical properties of two commercial (Condias, Sumitomo) boron-doped diamond thin-film electrodes were compared with those of two types of boron-doped diamond thin film deposited in our laboratory (microcrystalline, nanocrystalline). Scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the electrode morphology and microstructure, respectively. Cyclic voltammetry was used to study the electrochemical response, with five different redox systems serving as probes (Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-), Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/)(2+), IrCl(6)(2)(-)(/3)(-), 4-methylcatechol, Fe(3+/2+)). The response for the different systems was quite reproducibile from electrode type to type and from film to film for electrodes of the same type. For all five redox systems, the forward reaction peak current varied linearly with the scan rate(1/2) (nu), indicative of electrode reaction kinetics controlled by mass transport (semi-infinite linear diffusion) of the reactant. Apparent heterogeneous electron-transfer rate constants, k degrees (app), for all five redox systems were determined from deltaE(p)-nu experimental data, according to the method described by Nicholson (Nicholson, R. S. Anal. Chem. 1965, 37, 1351.). The rate constants were also verified through digital simulation (DigiSim 3.03) of the voltammetric i-E curves at different scan rates. Good fits between the experimental and simulated voltammograms were found for scan rates up to 50 V/s. k degrees (app) values of 0.05-0.5 cm/s were observed for Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-), Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/2+), and IrCl(6)(2)(-)(/3)(-) without any extensive electrode pretreatment (e.g., polishing). Lower k degrees (app) values of 10(-)(4)-10(-)(6) cm/s were found for 4-methylcatechol and Fe(3+/2+). The voltammetric responses for Fe(CN)(6)(3)(-)(/4)(-) and Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+/2+) were also examined at all four electrode types at two different solution pH (1.90, 7.35). Since the hydrogen-terminated diamond surfaces contain few, if any, ionizable carbon-oxygen functionalities (e.g., carboxylic acid, pK(a) approximately 4.5), the deltaE(p), i(p)(ox), and i(p)(red) values for the two systems were, for the most part, unaffected by the solution pH. This is in contrast to the typical behavior of oxygenated, sp(2) carbon electrodes, such as glassy carbon. SN - 0003-2700 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15117197/Electrochemical_performance_of_diamond_thin_film_electrodes_from_different_commercial_sources_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/ac035214o DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -