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Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2004; 58(11):1472-8EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the correlation between dietary glycemic index (GI) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among subjects who consume white rice as a staple food.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the associations between dietary GI, dietary glycemic load (GL) and dietary intakes, and CVD risk factors. Dietary GI and GL were calculated from a 3-day (including two consecutive weekdays and one holiday) dietary records.

SETTING

A weight-reduction program at a municipal health center in Tokyo, Japan.

SUBJECTS

A total of 32 women aged 52.5+/-7.2 y participated in the weight-reduction program.

RESULT

The GI food list made for the current study calculated for 91% of carbohydrate intakes measured. The mean dietary GI was 64+/-6, and the mean dietary GL was 150+/-37. Individuals in the highest tertile of GI consumed more carbohydrate, mostly from white rice (P<0.001), and less fat (P<0.01). Individuals in all three groups by tertile of GL showed similar tendencies. In the lowest GI tertile, the highest concentration of HDL-cholesterol and lowest concentration of triacylglycerol and immunoreactive insulin were observed (P<0.01). In the lowest GL tertile, the highest concentration of HDL-cholesterol and the lowest concentration of triacylglycerol were observed (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION

Calculated dietary GI and GL were positively associated with CVD risk factors among the Japanese women who consumed white rice as a staple food.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan. yk-amano@umin.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15127092

Citation

Amano, Y, et al. "Correlation Between Dietary Glycemic Index and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Japanese Women." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 11, 2004, pp. 1472-8.
Amano Y, Kawakubo K, Lee JS, et al. Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(11):1472-8.
Amano, Y., Kawakubo, K., Lee, J. S., Tang, A. C., Sugiyama, M., & Mori, K. (2004). Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(11), pp. 1472-8.
Amano Y, et al. Correlation Between Dietary Glycemic Index and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Japanese Women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(11):1472-8. PubMed PMID: 15127092.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women. AU - Amano,Y, AU - Kawakubo,K, AU - Lee,J S, AU - Tang,A C, AU - Sugiyama,M, AU - Mori,K, PY - 2004/5/6/pubmed PY - 2005/2/11/medline PY - 2004/5/6/entrez SP - 1472 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 58 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the correlation between dietary glycemic index (GI) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among subjects who consume white rice as a staple food. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the associations between dietary GI, dietary glycemic load (GL) and dietary intakes, and CVD risk factors. Dietary GI and GL were calculated from a 3-day (including two consecutive weekdays and one holiday) dietary records. SETTING: A weight-reduction program at a municipal health center in Tokyo, Japan. SUBJECTS: A total of 32 women aged 52.5+/-7.2 y participated in the weight-reduction program. RESULT: The GI food list made for the current study calculated for 91% of carbohydrate intakes measured. The mean dietary GI was 64+/-6, and the mean dietary GL was 150+/-37. Individuals in the highest tertile of GI consumed more carbohydrate, mostly from white rice (P<0.001), and less fat (P<0.01). Individuals in all three groups by tertile of GL showed similar tendencies. In the lowest GI tertile, the highest concentration of HDL-cholesterol and lowest concentration of triacylglycerol and immunoreactive insulin were observed (P<0.01). In the lowest GL tertile, the highest concentration of HDL-cholesterol and the lowest concentration of triacylglycerol were observed (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Calculated dietary GI and GL were positively associated with CVD risk factors among the Japanese women who consumed white rice as a staple food. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15127092/Correlation_between_dietary_glycemic_index_and_cardiovascular_disease_risk_factors_among_Japanese_women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601992 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -