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Efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density in premenopausal women: a meta-analysis of individual patient data.
J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004 Apr; 13(3):293-300.JW

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Osteoporosis and osteopenia are major public health problems. The purpose of this study was to conduct an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women.

METHODS

Studies were retrieved via (1). computerized literature searches, (2). review of reference lists from previous studies, (3). hand searching selected journals, and (4). expert review of the reference list. Two x two analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) tests with repeated measures on one factor (time) and study as a covariate were used to analyze changes in BMD.

RESULTS

One hundred forty-three subjects (74 exercise, 69 control) were included in the analysis. Changes in lumbar spine BMD averaged 0.006 +/- 0.035 g/cm(2) (0.64 +/- 2.99%) in the exercise group and 0.008 +/- 0.091 g/cm(2) (0.74 +/- 7.58%) in the control group, and changes in femoral neck BMD averaged 0.005 +/- 0.031 g/cm(2) (0.46 +/- 3.10%) in the exercise group and 0.003 +/- 0.031 g/cm(2) (0.31 +/- 2.97%) in the control group. No statistically significant differences in lumbar spine or femoral neck BMD were found within or between the exercise and control groups (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Based on existing evidence, our results do not support the efficacy of resistance exercise for increasing or maintaining lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD in premenopausal women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-9190, USA. gkelley@hsc.wvu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15130258

Citation

Kelley, George A., and Kristi S. Kelley. "Efficacy of Resistance Exercise On Lumbar Spine and Femoral Neck Bone Mineral Density in Premenopausal Women: a Meta-analysis of Individual Patient Data." Journal of Women's Health (2002), vol. 13, no. 3, 2004, pp. 293-300.
Kelley GA, Kelley KS. Efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density in premenopausal women: a meta-analysis of individual patient data. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004;13(3):293-300.
Kelley, G. A., & Kelley, K. S. (2004). Efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density in premenopausal women: a meta-analysis of individual patient data. Journal of Women's Health (2002), 13(3), 293-300.
Kelley GA, Kelley KS. Efficacy of Resistance Exercise On Lumbar Spine and Femoral Neck Bone Mineral Density in Premenopausal Women: a Meta-analysis of Individual Patient Data. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004;13(3):293-300. PubMed PMID: 15130258.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density in premenopausal women: a meta-analysis of individual patient data. AU - Kelley,George A, AU - Kelley,Kristi S, PY - 2004/5/8/pubmed PY - 2004/7/23/medline PY - 2004/5/8/entrez SP - 293 EP - 300 JF - Journal of women's health (2002) JO - J Womens Health (Larchmt) VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are major public health problems. The purpose of this study was to conduct an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of resistance exercise on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women. METHODS: Studies were retrieved via (1). computerized literature searches, (2). review of reference lists from previous studies, (3). hand searching selected journals, and (4). expert review of the reference list. Two x two analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) tests with repeated measures on one factor (time) and study as a covariate were used to analyze changes in BMD. RESULTS: One hundred forty-three subjects (74 exercise, 69 control) were included in the analysis. Changes in lumbar spine BMD averaged 0.006 +/- 0.035 g/cm(2) (0.64 +/- 2.99%) in the exercise group and 0.008 +/- 0.091 g/cm(2) (0.74 +/- 7.58%) in the control group, and changes in femoral neck BMD averaged 0.005 +/- 0.031 g/cm(2) (0.46 +/- 3.10%) in the exercise group and 0.003 +/- 0.031 g/cm(2) (0.31 +/- 2.97%) in the control group. No statistically significant differences in lumbar spine or femoral neck BMD were found within or between the exercise and control groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Based on existing evidence, our results do not support the efficacy of resistance exercise for increasing or maintaining lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD in premenopausal women. SN - 1540-9996 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15130258/Efficacy_of_resistance_exercise_on_lumbar_spine_and_femoral_neck_bone_mineral_density_in_premenopausal_women:_a_meta_analysis_of_individual_patient_data_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/154099904323016455?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -