Selenium and glutathione peroxidases in blood of patients with different stages of chronic renal failure.J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2004; 17(4):291-9.JT
In patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) Se concentration in blood components is usually lower as compared with healthy controls. One of the five known forms of Se-dependent glutathione peroxidases (GSH-Px), the plasma GSH-Px, is synthesized primarily in the kidney. In CRF patients, plasma GSH-Px activity is reduced and the reduction increases with the progress of the disease. The Se concentration in blood components was measured spectrofluorometrically with 2,3-diaminonaphthalene as complexing reagent. Activities of GSH-Px in red cells and in plasma were assayed by the coupled method with t-butyl hydroperoxide as substrate. The study group consisted of 150 patients in different stages of CRF. The results were compared with the values for 30 healthy subjects. Se concentrations in whole blood and plasma of the entire group of patients were significantly lower (p < 0.01) as compared with the healthy subjects. In the incipient stage, however, the Se levels in all blood components were non-significantly lower. In whole blood and plasma the Se levels gradually decreased, reaching in the end stage values that were lower by 29 to 32% (p < 0.0001) as compared with the control group. Total protein and albumin levels in plasma of patients were significantly lower (p < 0.0001) as compared with healthy subjects and they decreased linearly with the progress of the disease. Positive and highly significant correlations were noted between total plasma protein and plasma Se concentrations (p < 0.0001) as well as between plasma albumin and plasma Se concentrations (p < 0.0001). Red cell GSH-Px activity in the entire group of patients was lower (p < 0.05) than in the control group and did not change significantly with the progress of the disease. In plasma, however, GSH-Px activity of the entire group was lower by 33% (p < 0.0001) as compared with healthy subjects and decreased gradually with increasing renal failure. Highly significant, inverse correlations were seen between creatinine levels and plasma GSH-Px activities (p < 0.0001) as well as between urea nitrogen levels and plasma GSH-Px activities (p < 0.0001) when all stages of the disease were included. In conclusion, patients with CRF exhibit lower Se levels in blood components as compared with healthy subjects. In whole blood and plasma these levels decrease with the progress of the disease. Plasma GSH-Px activity in patients was extremely reduced and it dramatically decreased with the progress of the illness.