Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Acute stress disorder as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims.
J Interpers Violence. 2004 Jun; 19(6):709-26.JI

Abstract

The authors' objective was to examine the ability of acute stress disorder (ASD) and other trauma-related factors in a group of physical assault victims in predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 months later. Subjects included 214 victims of violence who completed a questionnaire 1 to 2 weeks after the assault, with 128 participating in the follow-up. Measures included the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Trauma Symptom Checklist, and the Crisis Support Scale. Twenty-two percent met the full PTSD diagnosis and 22% a subclinical PTSD diagnosis. Previous lifetime shock due to a traumatic event happening to someone close, threats during the assault, and dissociation explained 56% of PTSD variance. Inability to express feelings, hypervigilance, impairment, and hopelessness explained another 15% of PTSD variance. The dissociative, the reexperiencing, the avoidant, and the arousal criteria of the ASD diagnosis correctly classified 79% of the subsequent PTSD cases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Denmark.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15140320

Citation

Elklit, Ask, and Ole Brink. "Acute Stress Disorder as a Predictor of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Physical Assault Victims." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 19, no. 6, 2004, pp. 709-26.
Elklit A, Brink O. Acute stress disorder as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. J Interpers Violence. 2004;19(6):709-26.
Elklit, A., & Brink, O. (2004). Acute stress disorder as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(6), 709-26.
Elklit A, Brink O. Acute Stress Disorder as a Predictor of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Physical Assault Victims. J Interpers Violence. 2004;19(6):709-26. PubMed PMID: 15140320.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute stress disorder as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. AU - Elklit,Ask, AU - Brink,Ole, PY - 2004/5/14/pubmed PY - 2004/9/15/medline PY - 2004/5/14/entrez SP - 709 EP - 26 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 19 IS - 6 N2 - The authors' objective was to examine the ability of acute stress disorder (ASD) and other trauma-related factors in a group of physical assault victims in predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 months later. Subjects included 214 victims of violence who completed a questionnaire 1 to 2 weeks after the assault, with 128 participating in the follow-up. Measures included the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Trauma Symptom Checklist, and the Crisis Support Scale. Twenty-two percent met the full PTSD diagnosis and 22% a subclinical PTSD diagnosis. Previous lifetime shock due to a traumatic event happening to someone close, threats during the assault, and dissociation explained 56% of PTSD variance. Inability to express feelings, hypervigilance, impairment, and hopelessness explained another 15% of PTSD variance. The dissociative, the reexperiencing, the avoidant, and the arousal criteria of the ASD diagnosis correctly classified 79% of the subsequent PTSD cases. SN - 0886-2605 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15140320/Acute_stress_disorder_as_a_predictor_of_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_in_physical_assault_victims_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260504263872?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -