Hydrogen peroxide in the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji provides protection against arsenic trioxide-induced apoptosis via the phosphoinositide-3 kinase signalling pathway.Br J Haematol 2004; 125(4):512-20BJ
Many anticarcinogenic drugs kill tumour cells by inducing apoptosis. We examined the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) on arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3))-induced cell killing. Low concentrations of H(2)O(2) (200 micromol/l) inhibited the ability of As(2)O(3) to induce apoptosis in the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji. H(2)O(2) altered the form of cell death from apoptosis to pyknosis/necrosis and also lowered the degree of cell killing by As(2)O(3). H(2)O(2) was capable of preventing caspase-3 activation induced by As(2)O(3) in Raji cells. Incubation of cells with a phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) inhibitor, wortmannin (100 nmol/l), blocked the effects of H(2)O(2) on As(2)O(3)-induced caspase-3 activation. In addition, the PI-3K inhibitor partially blocked the effects of H(2)O(2) on up-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) protein expression, down-regulation of Bax protein expression, and phosphorylation of Bcl-2 and IkappaBalpha. This investigation demonstrated for the first time that low concentrations of H(2)O(2) provide protection against the in vivo of As(2)O(3)-induced apoptosis. PI-3K plays a crucial role in enhancing cell survival during H(2)O(2), inhibiting As(2)O(3)-induced apoptosis in the Burkitt's lymphoma cells. As(2)O(3)-induced cancer cell apoptosis may be enhanced by certain antioxidants in the treatment protocol.