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Diet, anthropometric measures and prostate cancer risk: a review of prospective cohort and intervention studies.

Abstract

We reviewed 37 prospective cohort and four intervention studies on potential dietary risk factors for prostate cancer, published between 1966 and September 2003. Some studies were limited by small size, crude measurement of dietary exposure and limited control for confounders. Intervention and prospective cohort studies support a protective role against prostate cancer for selenium, and possibly for vitamin E, pulses and tomatoes/lycopene. Overall consumption of meat, eggs, vegetables, fruit, coffee, tea, carotenoids and vitamins A, C and D was not consistently related to prostate cancer risk. Intervention studies also indicate that supplementation with beta-carotene does not lower prostate cancer risk, except possibly in men with low beta-carotene status at baseline. For specific types of meat, alcoholic drinks, dairy products, fat and anthropometric measures, most cohort studies suggest either an increased risk or no relation with prostate cancer. For calcium, two cohort studies suggest an increased risk at very high calcium intakes (>2000 mg/day). In conclusion, prospective studies are consistent with a protective role for selenium, and possibly vitamin E, pulses and tomatoes/lycopene, in the aetiology of prostate cancer. Studies are inconclusive on the role of meat, dairy products, fat, vegetables, fruits, alcohol and anthropometric measures, whereas a very high calcium intake appears to be positively associated with prostate cancer risk.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Dagnelie@epid.unimaas.nl

    , ,

    Source

    BJU international 93:8 2004 May pg 1139-50

    MeSH

    Anthropometry
    Calcium, Dietary
    Diet
    Humans
    Male
    Prospective Studies
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Risk Factors
    Selenium

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Meta-Analysis
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15142129

    Citation

    Dagnelie, P C., et al. "Diet, Anthropometric Measures and Prostate Cancer Risk: a Review of Prospective Cohort and Intervention Studies." BJU International, vol. 93, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1139-50.
    Dagnelie PC, Schuurman AG, Goldbohm RA, et al. Diet, anthropometric measures and prostate cancer risk: a review of prospective cohort and intervention studies. BJU Int. 2004;93(8):1139-50.
    Dagnelie, P. C., Schuurman, A. G., Goldbohm, R. A., & Van den Brandt, P. A. (2004). Diet, anthropometric measures and prostate cancer risk: a review of prospective cohort and intervention studies. BJU International, 93(8), pp. 1139-50.
    Dagnelie PC, et al. Diet, Anthropometric Measures and Prostate Cancer Risk: a Review of Prospective Cohort and Intervention Studies. BJU Int. 2004;93(8):1139-50. PubMed PMID: 15142129.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Diet, anthropometric measures and prostate cancer risk: a review of prospective cohort and intervention studies. AU - Dagnelie,P C, AU - Schuurman,A G, AU - Goldbohm,R A, AU - Van den Brandt,P A, PY - 2004/5/15/pubmed PY - 2004/6/24/medline PY - 2004/5/15/entrez SP - 1139 EP - 50 JF - BJU international JO - BJU Int. VL - 93 IS - 8 N2 - We reviewed 37 prospective cohort and four intervention studies on potential dietary risk factors for prostate cancer, published between 1966 and September 2003. Some studies were limited by small size, crude measurement of dietary exposure and limited control for confounders. Intervention and prospective cohort studies support a protective role against prostate cancer for selenium, and possibly for vitamin E, pulses and tomatoes/lycopene. Overall consumption of meat, eggs, vegetables, fruit, coffee, tea, carotenoids and vitamins A, C and D was not consistently related to prostate cancer risk. Intervention studies also indicate that supplementation with beta-carotene does not lower prostate cancer risk, except possibly in men with low beta-carotene status at baseline. For specific types of meat, alcoholic drinks, dairy products, fat and anthropometric measures, most cohort studies suggest either an increased risk or no relation with prostate cancer. For calcium, two cohort studies suggest an increased risk at very high calcium intakes (>2000 mg/day). In conclusion, prospective studies are consistent with a protective role for selenium, and possibly vitamin E, pulses and tomatoes/lycopene, in the aetiology of prostate cancer. Studies are inconclusive on the role of meat, dairy products, fat, vegetables, fruits, alcohol and anthropometric measures, whereas a very high calcium intake appears to be positively associated with prostate cancer risk. SN - 1464-4096 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15142129/Diet_anthropometric_measures_and_prostate_cancer_risk:_a_review_of_prospective_cohort_and_intervention_studies_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2004.04795.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -