2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid butylamine and other ionic liquid matrixes for enhanced MALDI-MS analysis of biomolecules.Anal Chem. 2004 May 15; 76(10):2938-50.AC
The performance of the new ionic liquid MALDI-MS matrix 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid butylamine (DHBB) was assessed and compared to results obtained with the ionic liquid MALDI-MS matrixes alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid butylamine (CHCAB), 3,5-dimethoxycinnamic acid triethylamine (SinTri), and the frequently used solid MALDI matrixes 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) and alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA). The vacuum-stable, liquid consistency of ionic liquid matrix sample preparations considerably enhanced MALDI-MS analysis in terms of shot-to-shot reproducibility. Consequently, relative standard deviations serving as a measure for reproducibility of intensity-values acquired from 90 different spots on one MALDI-MS preparation were approximately one-half as high when solid DHB was replaced by the ionic liquid DHBB and eight times lower after exchange of solid CHCA by ionic liquid CHCAB. Interestingly, the ionic liquid MALDI matrix DHBB conserved the broad applicability of its solid analogue DHB, reduced MALDI induced fragmentation of monosialylated glycans and gangliosides, and was the superior ionic liquid matrix for MALDI-MS analysis of oligosaccharides and polymers, such as poly(ethylene glycol). It also worked well with glycoconjugates, peptides, and proteins; however, the tendency of DHBB to form multiple alkali adduct ions with peptides and proteins made CHCAB the ionic liquid matrix of choice for peptides. SinTri was the best ionic liquid matrix for proteins of high molecular weight, such as IgG. Furthermore, it was demonstrated for the first time that solvent properties and MALDI matrix properties of ionic liquids, such as DHBB, can be combined to enable fast, direct screening of an enzymatic reaction. This was proven by the desialylation of sialylactose with sialidase from Clostridium perfringens in the presence of diluted aqueous DHBB and subsequent direct MALDI-MS analysis of the reaction mixture.