Synthesis of erythromycin derivatives via the olefin cross-metathesis reaction.J Org Chem. 2004 May 28; 69(11):3907-11.JO
Olefin cross metathesis (CM) was applied to the synthesis of 6-O-substituted erythromycin derivatives. The reactions were catalyzed by transition metal alkylidene complexes, particularly bis(tricyclohexylphosphine)benzylidine ruthenium (IV) dichloride (Grubbs' first-generation catalyst). This approach allowed for the elaboration of the 6-O-allyl group of highly functionalized macrolides at various stages of the synthetic sequence, affording 6-O-3-aryl-propenyl products with excellent E-selectivity. Little or no self-dimerization of the reacting components was found in the crude mixtures. Preliminary kinetic data accounts for the observed cross-selectivity based on substrate reactivity and steric factors.