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Effects of direct and indirect cross-group friendships on judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the mediating role of an anxiety-reduction mechanism.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2004 Jun; 30(6):770-86.PS

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that both direct and indirect friendship with outgroup members (knowledge of ingroup members' friendship with outgroup members) can reduce prejudice toward the outgroup. Two surveys of cross-community relationships in Northern Ireland, using a student sample (N = 341) and a representative sample of the general population (N = 735), tested whether (a) direct and indirect friendships had generalized effects on both prejudice and perceived outgroup variability and (b) reduced anxiety about future encounters with outgroup members mediated such relationships. Structural equation modeling confirmed that, in both samples, direct and indirect cross-group friendships between Catholics and Protestants were associated with reduced prejudice toward the religious outgroup and increased perceived outgroup variability, via an anxiety-reduction mechanism. It is argued that emerging generalization hypotheses help to integrate both cognition and affect and interpersonal and intergroup approaches to contact.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Behavioural Sciences, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia. Stefania.Paolini@Newcastle.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15155040

Citation

Paolini, Stefania, et al. "Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-group Friendships On Judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the Mediating Role of an Anxiety-reduction Mechanism." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 30, no. 6, 2004, pp. 770-86.
Paolini S, Hewstone M, Cairns E, et al. Effects of direct and indirect cross-group friendships on judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the mediating role of an anxiety-reduction mechanism. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2004;30(6):770-86.
Paolini, S., Hewstone, M., Cairns, E., & Voci, A. (2004). Effects of direct and indirect cross-group friendships on judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the mediating role of an anxiety-reduction mechanism. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(6), 770-86.
Paolini S, et al. Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-group Friendships On Judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the Mediating Role of an Anxiety-reduction Mechanism. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2004;30(6):770-86. PubMed PMID: 15155040.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of direct and indirect cross-group friendships on judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: the mediating role of an anxiety-reduction mechanism. AU - Paolini,Stefania, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Cairns,Ed, AU - Voci,Alberto, PY - 2004/5/25/pubmed PY - 2004/8/19/medline PY - 2004/5/25/entrez SP - 770 EP - 86 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - Recent evidence suggests that both direct and indirect friendship with outgroup members (knowledge of ingroup members' friendship with outgroup members) can reduce prejudice toward the outgroup. Two surveys of cross-community relationships in Northern Ireland, using a student sample (N = 341) and a representative sample of the general population (N = 735), tested whether (a) direct and indirect friendships had generalized effects on both prejudice and perceived outgroup variability and (b) reduced anxiety about future encounters with outgroup members mediated such relationships. Structural equation modeling confirmed that, in both samples, direct and indirect cross-group friendships between Catholics and Protestants were associated with reduced prejudice toward the religious outgroup and increased perceived outgroup variability, via an anxiety-reduction mechanism. It is argued that emerging generalization hypotheses help to integrate both cognition and affect and interpersonal and intergroup approaches to contact. SN - 0146-1672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15155040/Effects_of_direct_and_indirect_cross_group_friendships_on_judgments_of_Catholics_and_Protestants_in_Northern_Ireland:_the_mediating_role_of_an_anxiety_reduction_mechanism_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0146167203262848?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -