Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Risk factors for varicose veins.
Int Angiol 2004; 23(1):29-34IA

Abstract

AIM

To determine the prevalence of varicose veins in the German population and specify possible risk factors the data of the Duesseldorf/Essen civil servants study were analysed.

METHODS

From December 1989 to July 1993 a total of 9 935 employees were recruited. All volunteers filled out a questionnaire regarding family history and risk factors and were clinically examined. Venous findings were classified and adapted to the CEAP-classification. For the analysis of risk factors only volunteers classified as CEAP-class 0 or as CEAP-class II were considered: 4 250 men, 10% belonged to CEAP-class II and 2 380 women including 16% CEAP-class II.

RESULTS

In general, age and gender were the most relevant risk factors for varicose veins. Odds ratio age: male: 3.4 (95%-CI: 2.6-4.4), age female 6.5 (95%-CI: 5.0-8.5), gender 2.3 (95%-CI 1.9-2.7). In addition in females the most frequent risk factors were oral contraception and in both genders a predominately sitting posture at work. Regarding the family history, varicose veins by the mother was most frequent compared to varicose veins by the father or both. After adjusting for age and gender heridity became the most important risk factor with an odds ratio of 5.2 (95%-CI:3.7-7.3-4.50) in case of varicose veins present in both parents, followed by a standing posture at work 2.2 (95%-CI: 1.2-3.9). In contrast, smoking also reached a significant level, but with a decreased odds ratio of 0.66 (95%-CI: 0.57-0.77) indicating a protective effect.

CONCLUSION

In addition to age and gender a family history of varicose veins is the most important risk factor in the total population. Despite significant influence of other risk factors their relevance for varicose veins in the investigated population is low either due to low frequencies or low odds ratios.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Angiology, University of Essen, Essen, Germany. knut.kroeger@uni-essen.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15156127

Citation

Kroeger, K, et al. "Risk Factors for Varicose Veins." International Angiology : a Journal of the International Union of Angiology, vol. 23, no. 1, 2004, pp. 29-34.
Kroeger K, Ose C, Rudofsky G, et al. Risk factors for varicose veins. Int Angiol. 2004;23(1):29-34.
Kroeger, K., Ose, C., Rudofsky, G., Roesener, J., & Hirche, H. (2004). Risk factors for varicose veins. International Angiology : a Journal of the International Union of Angiology, 23(1), pp. 29-34.
Kroeger K, et al. Risk Factors for Varicose Veins. Int Angiol. 2004;23(1):29-34. PubMed PMID: 15156127.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for varicose veins. AU - Kroeger,K, AU - Ose,C, AU - Rudofsky,G, AU - Roesener,J, AU - Hirche,H, PY - 2004/5/25/pubmed PY - 2005/1/6/medline PY - 2004/5/25/entrez SP - 29 EP - 34 JF - International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology JO - Int Angiol VL - 23 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: To determine the prevalence of varicose veins in the German population and specify possible risk factors the data of the Duesseldorf/Essen civil servants study were analysed. METHODS: From December 1989 to July 1993 a total of 9 935 employees were recruited. All volunteers filled out a questionnaire regarding family history and risk factors and were clinically examined. Venous findings were classified and adapted to the CEAP-classification. For the analysis of risk factors only volunteers classified as CEAP-class 0 or as CEAP-class II were considered: 4 250 men, 10% belonged to CEAP-class II and 2 380 women including 16% CEAP-class II. RESULTS: In general, age and gender were the most relevant risk factors for varicose veins. Odds ratio age: male: 3.4 (95%-CI: 2.6-4.4), age female 6.5 (95%-CI: 5.0-8.5), gender 2.3 (95%-CI 1.9-2.7). In addition in females the most frequent risk factors were oral contraception and in both genders a predominately sitting posture at work. Regarding the family history, varicose veins by the mother was most frequent compared to varicose veins by the father or both. After adjusting for age and gender heridity became the most important risk factor with an odds ratio of 5.2 (95%-CI:3.7-7.3-4.50) in case of varicose veins present in both parents, followed by a standing posture at work 2.2 (95%-CI: 1.2-3.9). In contrast, smoking also reached a significant level, but with a decreased odds ratio of 0.66 (95%-CI: 0.57-0.77) indicating a protective effect. CONCLUSION: In addition to age and gender a family history of varicose veins is the most important risk factor in the total population. Despite significant influence of other risk factors their relevance for varicose veins in the investigated population is low either due to low frequencies or low odds ratios. SN - 0392-9590 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15156127/Risk_factors_for_varicose_veins_ L2 - http://www.minervamedica.it/index2.t?show=R34Y2004N04A0029 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -