The involvement of p53 in paraquat-induced apoptosis in human lung epithelial-like cells.Int J Toxicol. 2004 Jan-Feb; 23(1):33-40.IJ
To investigate the possible role of p53 in the progression of paraquat-induced apoptosis, the authors used two cell lines that were wild-type p53-expressing human lung epithelial-like cell line (L132) and a p53-deficient human promyelocytic leukemia cell line (U937) and explored the linkage between p53, DNA damage, and apoptosis. Following paraquat exposure to L132 cells, the percentage of S-phase cells decreased significantly and the expression of p53 protein increased, suggesting that entry into S phase from G1 phase was blocked. U937 cells showed complete resistance to paraquat, although paraquat-evoked initial single-stranded DNA breaks was shown equally in either L132 or U937 cells, as assessed by single-cell gel electrophoresis. U937 and L132 cells die normally with similar kinetics when exposed to tumor necrosis factor in the presence of cycloheximide, indicating that their capacity to undergo p53-independent mechanisms of inducing apoptosis has an equal rate. These results suggest that paraquat-induced DNA damage caused G1 arrest and apoptosis only in L132 cells, and that p53 protein accumulation is required for the induction of apoptosis by paraquat.