Phelligridins C-F: cytotoxic pyrano[4,3-c]benzopyran-1,6-dione and furo[3,2-c]pyran-4-one derivatives from the fungus Phellinus igniarius.J Nat Prod. 2004 May; 67(5):823-8.JN
Three unique pyrano[4,3-c]benzopyran-1,6-dione derivatives and a new furo[3,2-c]pyran-4-one, named phelligridins C-F (2-5), together with hispolon (8), (E)-4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)but-3-en-2-one (9), 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, protocatechualdehyde, syringic acid, protocatechuic acid, caffeic acid, isoergosterone, and octadecyl ferulate were isolated and identified from the ethanolic extract of Phellinus igniarius. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods including IR, MS, and 1D and 2D NMR experiments. The structures of the new compounds were characterized as 3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-8,9-dihydroxypyrano[4,3-c]isochromene-4-one (2), 3-(3,4-hydroxystyryl)-8,9-dihydroxypyrano[4,3-c]isochromene-4-one (3), 8,9-dihydroxy-3-[5',6'-dihydroxy-5' '-methyl-3' '-oxo-spiro[fural-2' '(3' 'H),1'-indene]-2'-yl]-1H,6H-pyrano[4,3-c]benzopyran-1,6-dione (4), and (3Z)-3-(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)-6-(3,4-dihydroxystyryl)-2,3-dihydro-2-methoxy-2-(2-oxo-propyl)furo[3,2-c]pyran-4-one (5), respectively. Some compounds including 2 and 3 showed in vitro selective cytotoxicity against a human lung cancer cell line (A549) and a liver cancer cell line (Bel7402). Possible biogenetic sequences to the formation of 1-9 are postulated.