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Weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: implications for dietary intake.
J Am Diet Assoc 2004; 104(6):913-20JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine associations between healthful and unhealthful weight-control behaviors and dietary intake among adolescents.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey (Project EAT [Eating Among Teens]).Subjects/Setting The study population included 4144 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St. Paul public schools from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. Statistical analyses Dietary intake patterns were compared across adolescent girls and boys reporting unhealthful, only healthful, or no weight-control behaviors in unadjusted analyses and analyses adjusted for sociodemographic factors and energy intake.

RESULTS

Among girls, mean intakes differed across weight-control behaviors for all foods and nutrients examined. P values ranged from P=.006 to P<.001. Girls using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had significantly lower intakes of fruit; vegetables; grains; calcium; iron; vitamins A, C, and B-6; folate; and zinc than girls using only healthful weight-control behaviors. Compared with girls reporting no weight-control behaviors, girls using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had lower intakes of grains, calcium, iron, vitamin B-6, folate, and zinc. In contrast to the girls, boys reporting unhealthful weight-control behaviors did not have poorer dietary intakes than boys not using weight-control behaviors or using only healthful behaviors. Among boys, there were no significant differences in mean intakes of vegetables; grains; calcium; iron; vitamins A, C, and B-6; folate; and zinc. Furthermore, boys using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had higher fruit intakes (P=.002) than boys reporting no weight-control behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS

Adolescent girls who engage in unhealthful weight-control behaviors are at increased risk for dietary inadequacy. The findings demonstrate a need for interventions to prevent unhealthful weight-control behaviors in adolescent girls, and to promote healthful weight-control behaviors when indicated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA. Neumark@epi.umn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15175589

Citation

Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne, et al. "Weight-control Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Boys: Implications for Dietary Intake." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 6, 2004, pp. 913-20.
Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Story M, et al. Weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: implications for dietary intake. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(6):913-20.
Neumark-Sztainer, D., Hannan, P. J., Story, M., & Perry, C. L. (2004). Weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: implications for dietary intake. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(6), pp. 913-20.
Neumark-Sztainer D, et al. Weight-control Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Boys: Implications for Dietary Intake. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(6):913-20. PubMed PMID: 15175589.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: implications for dietary intake. AU - Neumark-Sztainer,Dianne, AU - Hannan,Peter J, AU - Story,Mary, AU - Perry,Cheryl L, PY - 2004/6/4/pubmed PY - 2004/7/2/medline PY - 2004/6/4/entrez SP - 913 EP - 20 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 104 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between healthful and unhealthful weight-control behaviors and dietary intake among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey (Project EAT [Eating Among Teens]).Subjects/Setting The study population included 4144 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St. Paul public schools from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. Statistical analyses Dietary intake patterns were compared across adolescent girls and boys reporting unhealthful, only healthful, or no weight-control behaviors in unadjusted analyses and analyses adjusted for sociodemographic factors and energy intake. RESULTS: Among girls, mean intakes differed across weight-control behaviors for all foods and nutrients examined. P values ranged from P=.006 to P<.001. Girls using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had significantly lower intakes of fruit; vegetables; grains; calcium; iron; vitamins A, C, and B-6; folate; and zinc than girls using only healthful weight-control behaviors. Compared with girls reporting no weight-control behaviors, girls using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had lower intakes of grains, calcium, iron, vitamin B-6, folate, and zinc. In contrast to the girls, boys reporting unhealthful weight-control behaviors did not have poorer dietary intakes than boys not using weight-control behaviors or using only healthful behaviors. Among boys, there were no significant differences in mean intakes of vegetables; grains; calcium; iron; vitamins A, C, and B-6; folate; and zinc. Furthermore, boys using unhealthful weight-control behaviors had higher fruit intakes (P=.002) than boys reporting no weight-control behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent girls who engage in unhealthful weight-control behaviors are at increased risk for dietary inadequacy. The findings demonstrate a need for interventions to prevent unhealthful weight-control behaviors in adolescent girls, and to promote healthful weight-control behaviors when indicated. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15175589/Weight_control_behaviors_among_adolescent_girls_and_boys:_implications_for_dietary_intake_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822304004365 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -