Role of protein kinase activation in the induction of B cell adhesion by MHC class II ligands.J Immunol. 1992 Sep 15; 149(6):1853-8.JI
Engagement of MHC class II (Ia) molecules on B cells induces tyrosine phosphorylation, phosphoinositide turnover, elevation of intracellular calcium concentrations, and a rise in cAMP levels. However, a role for these biochemical signals in mediating functional responses induced by Ia ligands remains largely undefined. In this study, we utilized the induction of B cell adhesion by Ia ligands to demonstrate a role for signals transduced via Ia molecules in the generation of a functional response. Ia ligands that induced B cell aggregation induced tyrosine phosphorylation, whereas Ia ligands that did not induce B cell aggregation failed to induce any detectable tyrosine phosphorylation. Ia-induced B cell aggregation and tyrosine phosphorylation were inhibited by genistein and by herbimycin A, inhibitors of tyrosine kinases (PTK). Sphingosine and calphostin C, inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), also inhibited Ia-induced adhesion whereas HA1004, an inhibitor of cyclic nucleotide-dependent kinases, did not. Ia ligands induced both LFA-1-dependent and LFA-1-independent B cell adhesion. These two pathways of cell adhesion differed in their requirement for activation signals. PKC activation was sufficient for LFA-1-dependent adhesion, whereas LFA-1-independent adhesion required independent phosphorylation events mediated by PKC and by PTK. These results provide functional relevance for biochemical signals transduced via Ia molecules by demonstrating that Ia-induced B cell adhesion is mediated by the activation of PKC and by one or more PTK.