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Hearing sensitivity and the risk of incident falls and fracture in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures.
Ann Epidemiol 2004; 14(5):311-8AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

To determine if age-related hearing loss may be related to bone health. Decreased vestibular function has been associated with hearing loss. We hypothesized that hearing loss would be related to an increased risk of falling and osteoporotic fracture in 6480 women aged 65 years or older enrolled in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. We further hypothesized that decreased bone mineral density would be associated with hearing loss.

METHODS

Hearing sensitivity was ascertained via screening audiometry, and was classified as normal, mild loss, or significant loss. Incident non-spine fractures and falls were ascertained every 4 months for an average 6.7 years and 3 years, respectively.

RESULTS

The age-adjusted annual fall rate did not differ significantly by hearing category, nor did the risk of incident fracture. Adjustment for confounding factors had no effect on our results. Age- and BMI-adjusted mean calcaneal bone mineral density (g/cm2) was 0.380 in the normal hearing group, 0.375 in the mild loss group, and 0.371 in the significant loss group (p = 0.02). There were no significant differences in total hip bone mineral density across hearing categories.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results do not support the hypothesis that hearing loss is a risk factor for fracture or falls [corrected]

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. elpst25@pitt.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15177269

Citation

Purchase-Helzner, Elizabeth L., et al. "Hearing Sensitivity and the Risk of Incident Falls and Fracture in Older Women: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 5, 2004, pp. 311-8.
Purchase-Helzner EL, Cauley JA, Faulkner KA, et al. Hearing sensitivity and the risk of incident falls and fracture in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Ann Epidemiol. 2004;14(5):311-8.
Purchase-Helzner, E. L., Cauley, J. A., Faulkner, K. A., Pratt, S., Zmuda, J. M., Talbott, E. O., ... Newman, A. (2004). Hearing sensitivity and the risk of incident falls and fracture in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Annals of Epidemiology, 14(5), pp. 311-8.
Purchase-Helzner EL, et al. Hearing Sensitivity and the Risk of Incident Falls and Fracture in Older Women: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. Ann Epidemiol. 2004;14(5):311-8. PubMed PMID: 15177269.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hearing sensitivity and the risk of incident falls and fracture in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. AU - Purchase-Helzner,Elizabeth L, AU - Cauley,Jane A, AU - Faulkner,Kimberly A, AU - Pratt,Sheila, AU - Zmuda,Joseph M, AU - Talbott,Evelyn O, AU - Hochberg,Marc C, AU - Stone,Katie, AU - Newman,Anne, PY - 2003/05/06/received PY - 2003/09/18/accepted PY - 2004/6/5/pubmed PY - 2004/9/24/medline PY - 2004/6/5/entrez SP - 311 EP - 8 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 14 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: To determine if age-related hearing loss may be related to bone health. Decreased vestibular function has been associated with hearing loss. We hypothesized that hearing loss would be related to an increased risk of falling and osteoporotic fracture in 6480 women aged 65 years or older enrolled in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. We further hypothesized that decreased bone mineral density would be associated with hearing loss. METHODS: Hearing sensitivity was ascertained via screening audiometry, and was classified as normal, mild loss, or significant loss. Incident non-spine fractures and falls were ascertained every 4 months for an average 6.7 years and 3 years, respectively. RESULTS: The age-adjusted annual fall rate did not differ significantly by hearing category, nor did the risk of incident fracture. Adjustment for confounding factors had no effect on our results. Age- and BMI-adjusted mean calcaneal bone mineral density (g/cm2) was 0.380 in the normal hearing group, 0.375 in the mild loss group, and 0.371 in the significant loss group (p = 0.02). There were no significant differences in total hip bone mineral density across hearing categories. CONCLUSIONS: Our results do not support the hypothesis that hearing loss is a risk factor for fracture or falls [corrected] SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15177269/Hearing_sensitivity_and_the_risk_of_incident_falls_and_fracture_in_older_women:_the_study_of_osteoporotic_fractures_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047279703003284 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -