Effects of high-fat feeding and fasting on ghrelin expression in the mouse stomach.Regul Pept. 2004 Aug 15; 120(1-3):261-7.RP
Ghrelin is a peptide identified as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor. Studies have shown that ghrelin stimulates growth hormone, promotes food intake and decreases energy expenditure. Furthermore, feeding status seems to influence plasma ghrelin levels, as these are increased during fasting, whereas feeding and oral glucose intake reduce plasma ghrelin. This study examined whether standardized obesity and fasting affect cellular expression of ghrelin. Specimens from the gastrointestinal tract of fed or 18-h fasted, low-fat or high-fat fed (10 weeks on diet) C57BL/6J mice were studied by immunocytochemistry (ICC) for ghrelin and in situ hybridization (ISH) for ghrelin mRNA. Ghrelin was expressed in especially the corpus but also the antrum of the stomach of all groups studied. Cells positive for ghrelin and ghrelin mRNA in the stomach were reduced in high-fat fed mice. In contrast, ghrelin expression was not affected by fasting. The reduction in ghrelin expression in the high-fat fed mice was associated with a reduction in plasma levels of ghrelin, whereas after fasting, when expression rate was not altered, there was an increase in plasma ghrelin. In conclusion, ghrelin is highly expressed in the corpus and antrum of the stomach of C57BL/6J mice. This expression is reduced in obesity, whereas fasting has no effect.