Unique monooxygenation pattern indicates novel flavin-containing monooxygenase in liver of rainbow trout.Mar Environ Res. 2004 Aug-Dec; 58(2-5):499-503.ME
Vertebrate flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) have only been isolated from mammalian organisms. However, many FMO substrates include pesticides which may adversely affect fish and other aquatic organisms residing in adjacent waterways to treated fields. Although FMO activities have been identified in fish, the exact isoform profile is uncertain. Utilizing prochiral methyl tolyl sulfides (MTS) and isoform-selective antibodies, an attempt was made to identify specific FMO isoforms which may be involved in sulfoxidation reactions which have been shown to bioactivate thioether pesticides, such as aldicarb. Rainbow trout hepatic microsomes treated with detergent to eliminate cytochrome P450 contributions catalyzed the formation of the sulfoxide of MTS in 75% S enantiomeric excess. These catalytic results contrast activities of the five other FMO isoforms including FMO1 (> 98% R) and FMO3 (50% R). Benzydamine N-oxidation was also observed as were methimazole, thiourea, and aldicarb sulfoxidation reactions. Antibodies to FMO1 recognized a single protein of 60 kDa in trout liver microsomes, while anti-FMO3 antibodies only slightly reacted with a 55-kDa microsomal protein. These results indicate a novel isoform profile in rainbow trout liver implicating either a mixture of competing FMO isoforms or a FMO1-like isoform displaying unique catalytic activity.