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Randomized controlled trial of kangaroo care: cardiorespiratory and thermal effects on healthy preterm infants.
Neonatal Netw. 2004 May-Jun; 23(3):39-48.NN

Abstract

PURPOSE

To determine the safety and effects on healthy preterm infants of three continuous hours of kangaroo care (KC) compared to standard NICU care by measuring cardiorespiratory and thermal responses.

DESIGN

Randomized controlled trial-pretest-test-posttest control group design.

SAMPLE

Twenty-four healthy preterm infants (33-35 weeks gestation at birth) nearing discharge. Eleven of the infants received KC; 13 received standard NICU care.

MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES

Heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and abdominal skin temperature were manually recorded every minute. Apnea, bradycardia, periodic breathing, and regular breathing were captured continuously on a pneumocardiogram printout. Three consecutive interfeeding intervals (three hours each) on one day constituted the pretest, test, and posttest periods.

RESULTS

Mean cardiorespiratory and temperature outcomes remained within clinically acceptable ranges during KC. Apnea, bradycardia, and periodic breathing were absent during KC. Regular breathing increased for infants receiving KC compared to infants receiving standard NICU care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Case Western Reserve University, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15182119

Citation

Ludington-Hoe, Susan M., et al. "Randomized Controlled Trial of Kangaroo Care: Cardiorespiratory and Thermal Effects On Healthy Preterm Infants." Neonatal Network : NN, vol. 23, no. 3, 2004, pp. 39-48.
Ludington-Hoe SM, Anderson GC, Swinth JY, et al. Randomized controlled trial of kangaroo care: cardiorespiratory and thermal effects on healthy preterm infants. Neonatal Netw. 2004;23(3):39-48.
Ludington-Hoe, S. M., Anderson, G. C., Swinth, J. Y., Thompson, C., & Hadeed, A. J. (2004). Randomized controlled trial of kangaroo care: cardiorespiratory and thermal effects on healthy preterm infants. Neonatal Network : NN, 23(3), 39-48.
Ludington-Hoe SM, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of Kangaroo Care: Cardiorespiratory and Thermal Effects On Healthy Preterm Infants. Neonatal Netw. 2004 May-Jun;23(3):39-48. PubMed PMID: 15182119.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Randomized controlled trial of kangaroo care: cardiorespiratory and thermal effects on healthy preterm infants. AU - Ludington-Hoe,Susan M, AU - Anderson,Gene Cranston, AU - Swinth,Joan Y, AU - Thompson,Carol, AU - Hadeed,Anthony J, PY - 2004/6/9/pubmed PY - 2004/7/9/medline PY - 2004/6/9/entrez SP - 39 EP - 48 JF - Neonatal network : NN JO - Neonatal Netw VL - 23 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: To determine the safety and effects on healthy preterm infants of three continuous hours of kangaroo care (KC) compared to standard NICU care by measuring cardiorespiratory and thermal responses. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial-pretest-test-posttest control group design. SAMPLE: Twenty-four healthy preterm infants (33-35 weeks gestation at birth) nearing discharge. Eleven of the infants received KC; 13 received standard NICU care. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES: Heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and abdominal skin temperature were manually recorded every minute. Apnea, bradycardia, periodic breathing, and regular breathing were captured continuously on a pneumocardiogram printout. Three consecutive interfeeding intervals (three hours each) on one day constituted the pretest, test, and posttest periods. RESULTS: Mean cardiorespiratory and temperature outcomes remained within clinically acceptable ranges during KC. Apnea, bradycardia, and periodic breathing were absent during KC. Regular breathing increased for infants receiving KC compared to infants receiving standard NICU care. SN - 0730-0832 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15182119/Randomized_controlled_trial_of_kangaroo_care:_cardiorespiratory_and_thermal_effects_on_healthy_preterm_infants_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1891/0730-0832.23.3.39 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -