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Legionnaires' disease in Europe 2000-2002.
Epidemiol Infect. 2004 Jun; 132(3):417-24.EI

Abstract

Each year, countries that participate in the European Surveillance Scheme for Travel Associated Legionnaires' Disease (EWGLINET) are requested to complete a set of standardized reporting forms that provide epidemiological and microbiological information on the total number of cases (non-travel as well as travel-related cases) detected in their country. Trends at the national and aggregated European level have been analysed for 2000-2002. For this period, 10,322 cases of Legionnaires' disease were reported and national infection rates ranged from 0 to 34.1 cases per million population. A total of 189 outbreaks were associated with nosocomial infection, community exposure or travel. The upward trend in diagnosis through the urinary antigen detection test has resulted in a higher ascertainment of cases in many countries. However, the decline in diagnosis by culture of the organism is likely to severely hamper outbreak investigations in the future if fewer clinical isolates are available for matching with environmental isolates. This important data-set has been used for studying the effectiveness of surveillance and legionella control and prevention programmes within Europe.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15188711

Citation

Joseph, C A., and European Working Group for Legionella Infections. "Legionnaires' Disease in Europe 2000-2002." Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 132, no. 3, 2004, pp. 417-24.
Joseph CA, European Working Group for Legionella Infections. Legionnaires' disease in Europe 2000-2002. Epidemiol Infect. 2004;132(3):417-24.
Joseph, C. A. (2004). Legionnaires' disease in Europe 2000-2002. Epidemiology and Infection, 132(3), 417-24.
Joseph CA, European Working Group for Legionella Infections. Legionnaires' Disease in Europe 2000-2002. Epidemiol Infect. 2004;132(3):417-24. PubMed PMID: 15188711.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Legionnaires' disease in Europe 2000-2002. AU - Joseph,C A, AU - ,, PY - 2004/6/11/pubmed PY - 2004/6/24/medline PY - 2004/6/11/entrez SP - 417 EP - 24 JF - Epidemiology and infection JO - Epidemiol Infect VL - 132 IS - 3 N2 - Each year, countries that participate in the European Surveillance Scheme for Travel Associated Legionnaires' Disease (EWGLINET) are requested to complete a set of standardized reporting forms that provide epidemiological and microbiological information on the total number of cases (non-travel as well as travel-related cases) detected in their country. Trends at the national and aggregated European level have been analysed for 2000-2002. For this period, 10,322 cases of Legionnaires' disease were reported and national infection rates ranged from 0 to 34.1 cases per million population. A total of 189 outbreaks were associated with nosocomial infection, community exposure or travel. The upward trend in diagnosis through the urinary antigen detection test has resulted in a higher ascertainment of cases in many countries. However, the decline in diagnosis by culture of the organism is likely to severely hamper outbreak investigations in the future if fewer clinical isolates are available for matching with environmental isolates. This important data-set has been used for studying the effectiveness of surveillance and legionella control and prevention programmes within Europe. SN - 0950-2688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15188711/Legionnaires'_disease_in_Europe_2000_2002_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=15188711.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -