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Disease-specific quality of life is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with acne.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004 Jul; 18(4):435-9.JE

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We aimed to evaluate the relationships between acne severity, anxiety, depression and disease-specific quality of life in patients with acne.

METHOD

A total of 61 patients with acne vulgaris and 38 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Acne severity was assessed by the Global Acne Grading System. All patients were asked to complete the Acne Quality of Life Scale (AQOL), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), and healthy controls to fill only the HAD.

RESULTS

The mean HAD anxiety subscale (HAD-A) and HAD depression subscale (HAD-D) scores of the patients were significantly higher than those of the controls. The rates of subjects at risk for anxiety (26.2%) and for depression (29.5%) were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (0% and 7.9%, respectively). We found no correlations between acne severity and scores of AQOL, DLQI, HAD-A and HAD-D. AQOL and DLQI scores were positively correlated with HAD-A and HAD-D scores in the patient group. The patients at risk for anxiety had significantly higher scores on AQOL and DLQI compared to those who were not at risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the female and male patients with respect to AQOL, DLQI, HAD-A and HAD-D scores.

CONCLUSION

(1) Irrespective of the degree of severity, patients with acne are at increased risk for anxiety and depression compared to the normal population. (2) Acne negatively affects quality of life, and the greater the impairment of quality of life due to acne, the greater the level of anxiety and depression. (3) A greater impairment of dermatologic quality of life seems to put the patient at an increased risk for anxiety disorder.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Mersin University School of Medicine, Turkey. kemalyazici@mersin.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15196157

Citation

Yazici, K, et al. "Disease-specific Quality of Life Is Associated With Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Acne." Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, vol. 18, no. 4, 2004, pp. 435-9.
Yazici K, Baz K, Yazici AE, et al. Disease-specific quality of life is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004;18(4):435-9.
Yazici, K., Baz, K., Yazici, A. E., Köktürk, A., Tot, S., Demirseren, D., & Buturak, V. (2004). Disease-specific quality of life is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with acne. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, 18(4), 435-9.
Yazici K, et al. Disease-specific Quality of Life Is Associated With Anxiety and Depression in Patients With Acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004;18(4):435-9. PubMed PMID: 15196157.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Disease-specific quality of life is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with acne. AU - Yazici,K, AU - Baz,K, AU - Yazici,A E, AU - Köktürk,A, AU - Tot,S, AU - Demirseren,D, AU - Buturak,V, PY - 2004/6/16/pubmed PY - 2004/10/20/medline PY - 2004/6/16/entrez SP - 435 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV JO - J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol VL - 18 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the relationships between acne severity, anxiety, depression and disease-specific quality of life in patients with acne. METHOD: A total of 61 patients with acne vulgaris and 38 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Acne severity was assessed by the Global Acne Grading System. All patients were asked to complete the Acne Quality of Life Scale (AQOL), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), and healthy controls to fill only the HAD. RESULTS: The mean HAD anxiety subscale (HAD-A) and HAD depression subscale (HAD-D) scores of the patients were significantly higher than those of the controls. The rates of subjects at risk for anxiety (26.2%) and for depression (29.5%) were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (0% and 7.9%, respectively). We found no correlations between acne severity and scores of AQOL, DLQI, HAD-A and HAD-D. AQOL and DLQI scores were positively correlated with HAD-A and HAD-D scores in the patient group. The patients at risk for anxiety had significantly higher scores on AQOL and DLQI compared to those who were not at risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the female and male patients with respect to AQOL, DLQI, HAD-A and HAD-D scores. CONCLUSION: (1) Irrespective of the degree of severity, patients with acne are at increased risk for anxiety and depression compared to the normal population. (2) Acne negatively affects quality of life, and the greater the impairment of quality of life due to acne, the greater the level of anxiety and depression. (3) A greater impairment of dermatologic quality of life seems to put the patient at an increased risk for anxiety disorder. SN - 0926-9959 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15196157/Disease_specific_quality_of_life_is_associated_with_anxiety_and_depression_in_patients_with_acne_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0926-9959&date=2004&volume=18&issue=4&spage=435 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -