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[Psychological and psychiatric aspects of nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence].
Urologe A. 2004 Jul; 43(7):787-94.U

Abstract

Psychological factors play an important role in nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence. The comorbidity of enuresis/urinary incontinence and clinical mental disorders as well as subclinical psychological symptoms is reviewed. In epidemiological as well as clinical studies, 20-40% of all children with nocturnal enuresis have a manifest clinical disorder-two to four times higher than nonwetting children. Children with secondary nocturnal enuresis and voiding postponement carry the highest risk for a mental disorder and those with urge incontinence and primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis the lowest.Internalizing disorders (such as depressive and anxiety disorders) are less common than externalizing ones (such as ADHD). In addition, subclinical emotional and behavioral symptoms are common. These will often recede upon attaining dryness and self-esteem can increase. General screening for psychological symptoms and disturbances is recommended.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar. alexander.von.gontard@uniklinik-saarland.de

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

15197449

Citation

von Gontard, A. "[Psychological and Psychiatric Aspects of Nocturnal Enuresis and Functional Urinary Incontinence]." Der Urologe. Ausg. A, vol. 43, no. 7, 2004, pp. 787-94.
von Gontard A. [Psychological and psychiatric aspects of nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence]. Urologe A. 2004;43(7):787-94.
von Gontard, A. (2004). [Psychological and psychiatric aspects of nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence]. Der Urologe. Ausg. A, 43(7), 787-94.
von Gontard A. [Psychological and Psychiatric Aspects of Nocturnal Enuresis and Functional Urinary Incontinence]. Urologe A. 2004;43(7):787-94. PubMed PMID: 15197449.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Psychological and psychiatric aspects of nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence]. A1 - von Gontard,A, PY - 2004/6/16/pubmed PY - 2004/10/27/medline PY - 2004/6/16/entrez SP - 787 EP - 94 JF - Der Urologe. Ausg. A JO - Urologe A VL - 43 IS - 7 N2 - Psychological factors play an important role in nocturnal enuresis and functional urinary incontinence. The comorbidity of enuresis/urinary incontinence and clinical mental disorders as well as subclinical psychological symptoms is reviewed. In epidemiological as well as clinical studies, 20-40% of all children with nocturnal enuresis have a manifest clinical disorder-two to four times higher than nonwetting children. Children with secondary nocturnal enuresis and voiding postponement carry the highest risk for a mental disorder and those with urge incontinence and primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis the lowest.Internalizing disorders (such as depressive and anxiety disorders) are less common than externalizing ones (such as ADHD). In addition, subclinical emotional and behavioral symptoms are common. These will often recede upon attaining dryness and self-esteem can increase. General screening for psychological symptoms and disturbances is recommended. SN - 0340-2592 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15197449/[Psychological_and_psychiatric_aspects_of_nocturnal_enuresis_and_functional_urinary_incontinence]_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00120-004-0628-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -